United States of America

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United States of America by Mind Map: United States of America

1. Presidency

1.1. Barack Obama

1.1.1. 2008 11/05 Elected president by defeating Senator John McCain

1.1.2. 2009 Executive order to close Guantánamo Bay Encountered strong Congressional resistance, and the prison remained open after he left office Signing of first bill Makes it easier for people to challenge unequal pay complaints and is designed to help address the wage gap between men and women Speech at Cairo University in Egypt Discussing the U.S. relations with countries in the Middle East Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for “his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

1.1.3. 2010 East Coast drilling Announces he will approve exploration for oil and gas in the Gulf of Mexico and off the coast of Virginia, which had been previously banned Deepwater Horizon An explosion on an oil rig off the coast of Louisiana results in 11 deaths and a massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico

1.1.4. 2011 Osama Bin Laden killed leader of Al-Qaeda, the terrorist group that claimed responsibility for the U.S. terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 End of Iraq War U.S. troops will be home from Iraq by December and the U.S. role in the war is over

1.1.5. 2012 11/6 Defeats Republican Mitt Romney to win a second term in office

1.1.6. 2013 Chemical weapons in Syria Gives a speech about the war in Syria and President Bashar al-Assad’s use of chemical weapons against his own people Climate change and its effects Signs an executive order in order to prepare the United States for climate change

1.1.7. 2014 Midterm elections Republicans retake control of Congress

1.1.8. 2015 Paris Climate Change conference Attends the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris, France

1.1.9. 2016 Deal with Iran Historic agreement with Iran to prevent the acquisition of nuclear weapons Cuba trip Becomes the first sitting U.S. president to visit Cuba since 1928

1.1.10. ISIS 2014 Troops and military advisers are sent to Iraq to support security forces and help protect the US Embassy and the airport in Baghdad Two US jet fighters bomb ISIS artillery units in Iraq Obama authorizes targeted airstrikes if needed to protect US personnel 2015 President Obama asks Congress to formally authorize use of military force against ISIS

1.2. Donald Trump

1.2.1. 2015 Announces candidacy for president First introduced his plans to build a wall on the U.S.-Mexico border and referred to most Mexicans as rapists and morally corrupt losers First republican debate Derogatory comments against moderator Megyn Kelly Fourth republican debate Vowed to deport 11 million undocumented immigrants

1.2.2. 2016 Speech in Fort Wayne, Indiana “We can’t continue to allow China to rape our country” Muslims ban Backtracked and said it would only be temporary Closing out the Republican National Convention Officially claimed his position as the party’s presidential candidate Officially introduces Mike Pence as his running mate His pick for vicepresident The Washington Post released 2005 video Bragging about his ability to grope women because he's a star 11/8 Winner of the presidency, defeating Hillary Clinton

1.2.3. 2017 Keystone and Dakota Access Pipelines Signed an executive order to advance the progress Second Travel Ban Targets only six countries and bars refugees temporarily. Massive Ordnance Air Blast The U.S. military dropped on Afghanistan the largest non-nuclear bomb it had ever used in combat. Ending DACA Attorney General Jeff Sessions announces he is ending Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Recognition of Jerusalem As the capital of Israel and began the process of moving the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv

2. Rise and formation

2.1. The British Colonies

2.1.1. Thirteen Colonies Connecticut Delaware Georgia Maryland Massachusetts Bay New Hampshire New Jersey New York North Carolina Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Virginia

2.1.2. The colonists felt Unfairly taxed Watched over too closely by the Crown Ignored in their attempts to address grievances

2.1.3. Debates Religious issued Political ideas Economics

2.2. Declaration of Independence

2.2.1. Approved July 4, 1776 By the Continental Congress

2.2.2. Announced The separation of the North American colonies from Great Britain.

2.3. The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia

2.3.1. Met between May and September of 1787

2.3.2. Addressed The problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation

2.3.3. The United States Constitution Federal government with more specific powers including those related to conducting relations with foreign governments. Issue of representation remained

2.4. The Connecticut Compromise

2.4.1. New Congress Settled the issues about representation Bi-cameral Senate House of Representatives

2.5. Constitution of 1787

2.5.1. Signed September 17 By delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia

2.5.2. Established National government Fundamental laws Basic rights for the citizens

2.5.3. Debates Anti-federalists Opposed the new constitution Federalists Approved of the new constitution

2.5.4. Division of powers Three branches Legislative Executive Judicial Check and balances To not let one branch hold too much power

3. Wars

3.1. American Civil War

3.1.1. Conflict Whether the US would be a Dissolvable confederation of sovereign states Indivisible nation with a sovereign national government

3.1.2. Start Uncompromising differences between the free and slave states Over the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in the territories that had not yet become states

3.1.3. End 1865 All the principal Confederate armies surrendered Union cavalry captured the fleeing Confederate President Jefferson Davis

3.1.4. Result Northern victory United States as one nation Ended the institution of slavery. Cost of 625,000 lives

3.2. Vietnam War

3.2.1. 1964 North Vietnam and the Viet Cong fight South Vietnamese troops Hoping to stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia, the US sends aid and military advisors to help the South Vietnamese government Gulf of Tonkin resolution Authorizes full-scale US intervention in the Vietnam War.

3.2.2. 1968 My Lai Massacre About 400 women, children and elderly men are massacred by US forces in the village of My Lai in South Vietnam.

3.2.3. 1970 Invasion of Cambodia President Richard Nixon orders troops to invade border areas in Cambodia and destroy supply centers set up by the North Vietnamese. Kent State University shootings National Guard units fire into a group of demonstrators. The shots kill four students and wound nine others.

3.2.4. 1973 The last American ground troops leave Fighting continues between North and South Vietnam, but the US doesn't return.

3.2.5. 1975 South Vietnam surrenders to North Vietnam North Vietnamese troops enter Saigon

3.3. Korean War

3.3.1. 1947 Elections for provisional government in Korea The United Nations General Assembly approves. The Soviet Union opposes.

3.3.2. 1948 Division of Korea South Korea elects the government of the Republic of Korea. North Korean Communists establish the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

3.3.3. 1950 US troops go into battle, at Osan, 30 miles south of Seoul

3.3.4. 1951 Jacob Malik, a Soviet delegate to the UN, proposes a cease-fire Both sides agree the existing battle lines would be the final dividing line if a truce is reached in 30 days.

3.3.5. 1953 Armistice agreement. Terms of the armistice include creation of the demilitarized zone, the DMZ.

3.4. Gulf War

3.4.1. 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait. Reportedly to extract oil in order to pay off debts incurred during the war with Iran Operation Desert Shield US president George H. W. Bush orders the start

3.4.2. 1991 The United Nations The UN authorizes use of force Operation Desert Storm Massive airstrikes across Iraqi positions in Kuwait followed by a ground assault Kuwait is liberated Victory for the Coalition forces