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Agricultural South by Mind Map: Agricultural South
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Agricultural South

Women

few rights...could not vote or preach

taught only basic reading, writing, and math

taught social grace and domestic tasks

Average woman

worked in the kitchen

outdoor duties: milking, slaughtering, tending the garden

sew, washed clothes, clean

Planter class had servants to do most chores

bowed to their husbands will

Cash Crop

grown primarily for sale rather than farmers own use

started in Jamestown with tobacco

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina

South Carolina and Georgia grew rice and indigo

plantations grew instead of towns

long deep rivers proved to be perfect highways for trade

south became very self sufficient as rural society

Life in the South

Diverse and $

Germans, Maryland to S. Carolina, raised grain, tobacco, and livestock

Scots and Scots-Irish, western N. Carolina

Planters controlled the south's economy

led to control of social institutions and politics

Indentured Servants

most traded a life of servitude or jail

young, mostly white

few rights while in bondage

those who survived were only slightly better off...moved to western outskirts

Slaves

people considered property of others

picked up where native americans and indentured servants left off

Slavery

Africans had served as slaves on sugar plantations in the West Indes for years

triangular trade, transatlantic trading network, New England, Africa, West Indes, Europe

middle passage, voyage that brought slaves across the atlantic, sickening cruelty...confined spaces, disease, branding, etc., 20% fatality rate

in the south, 80 to 90% worked in the fields, 10 to 20% worked as domestics or artisans, no matter the job, cruelty, worked from 12 til death

Culture

spoke a variety of languages

wove baskets, made pottery, and made music

split up families started new ones, children were raised by other women

dance was most important, praised gods and ancestors, involved chants and quick steps, colonists tried to stop, persevered

Resistance

fake ilness, break tools, work slowdowns

Stono Rebellion

20 slaves gathered at Stono River armed with guns and other weapons

killed several plantation families and marched south building numbers

white militia killed many and executed others

runaway notices were put in newspapers

runaways found refuge with the native american tribes