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Cooperative Theory by Mind Map: Cooperative Theory
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Cooperative Theory







"Humans are supercooperator because they can use all 5 mechanisms." Martin Nowak

Direct reciprocity, "You help me, and I help you.", game is played several times

Indirect reciprocity, "I help you, somebody helps me.", New node reputation (and gossip)

Spatial selection, Neighbors help each other.

Group selection, Tribes and common goods.

Kin selection, Interaction occurs between genetic relatives


Donor, pays a cost

Recipient, gets a benefit

Measured in fitness, fitness is rate of reproduction, reproduction can be, genetic, cultural

Winning strategy, Generous, Hopeful, Forgiving

Social Dillema


situation in which individual rationality leads to collective irrationality!

"These are not a problem that education solves!" Peter Kollock

study of, the tensions between, individual rationality, collective rationality, categorization, possible solutions

market by, deficient equilibrium, there is at least one other outcome in which everyone is better off., no one has an incentive to change their behavior., dominating strategy, best outcome for an individual regardless of what anyone else does.

3 conditions, Meeting in the Future, Identify each Other, Record of past Behavior


Prisoner's Dilemma, Assurance Game, Chicken Game, PD Strategies:, Tit for Tat, Watch Out!, In real world noisy situations can give communication imperfections that will, eventually, create broken decisions., This was a good strategy for a simulated 1 to 1 and "long" term context, and not for a live time 1-N way of life!?, Don't be envious, Encorage Frequent and Durable Interations, Improve recognition and recall, e.g. Reputation Systems, BUT: monitoring can be expensive!!!, Be Generous, In a long term, you'll probably receive it back!

Resources Environments, The Commons, Common Pool Resources (CPR), Design principles to stable CPR, 1. Clearly defined boundaries, 2. Rules to appropriation and provision, 3. Collective-choice arrangements, 4. Effective monitoring, 5. Graduated sanctions, 6.Mechanisms of conflict resolution, 7. Recognized community self-determination, 8. When large: Organization in multiple layers, polycentric approach

Tragedy of Commons, The concern!, a class of human problems, which are "no technical solution problems", Tragedy?, It's essence is not unhappiness, but: the solemnity of the remorseless working of things, Examples, Population Problem, A finite world can support only a finite population, Increase population implies work/energy reduction per human, We want a maximum good per person. But what is good?, ASSUMPTION, decisions reached individually will be the best for society!?, If true: let's wait for the optimum population, if not: need to evaluate the problem!, herdsman seeking to maximize his gain!, freedom of the seas, pollution, Cold war!, What shall we do?, Private Property, Allocate the right to enter, Auction system, Merit, Lottery, First-come first-go, Morality!, Prohibition, probably needs the mediation of administrative law, Social Arrangements, Search to produce responsibility, is needed arrangements that create coercion, Recommended: mutual coercion, agreed upon by the majority, makes people FREE to pursue other goals!, make something increasingly expensive for him to do so

Related Idea

Initialy in the eyes of the Surowieck's book!

Wisdom of Crowds

Concept:, Crowd can be more then its members!, Act collectively to..., make decisions, solve problems

Types of Problems:, 1-cognition, 2-coordination, 3-cooperation

Conditions:, 1-Diversity, 2-Independency, 3-Decentralization, 4-Agregation





Self-Determination Theoryby Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan

the social context can either support or thwart the natural tendencies toward active engagement and psychological growth

About, The interplay between, extrinsic forces acting on persons, intrinsic motives inherent in human nature

Framework, Watchs, Social and Cultural factors, sense of volition and initiative, well-being and performance quality, Variables, autonomy, competence, relatedness

THE Theory, Cognitive Evaluation Theory (CET), Intrinsic motivation, studies influences of:, social context, rewards, interpersonal controls, ego-involvement, Organismic Integration Theory (OIT), extrinsic motivation, external regulation, introjection, identification, integration, INTERNALIZATION, Causality Orientations Theory (COT), Autonomy orientacion, Control orientation, Impersonal or amotivated orientation, Basic Psychological Needs Theory (BSNT), Studies influence of psychological well-being and optimal functioning on autonomy, competence, and relatedness, Goal Contents Theory, Studies the intrinsic and extrinsic goals and their impact on motivation and wellness