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Theotretical Perspectives to Curriculum Content by Mind Map: Theotretical Perspectives to Curriculum Content
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Theotretical Perspectives to Curriculum Content

Nativist Perspectives emphasizes inborn or innate human capabilities or nature as being responsible for language development. Linguist Noam Chamsky is the major theorist associated with the nativist perspective. Chomsky's contributions to our understanding of the acquisition of language have been significant. Chonsky contends that all people inherently have the capacity to acquire language due to cognitive structures that process language differently from the stimuli. A major focus of the nativist perspective is on the acquisition of syntactic knowledge.  Chomsky work has involved indentfying grammatical aspects of language and describing the rule systems for using language. Chomsky proposes that this universal grammar is an innate property of the human mind. This component explains the ability to learn language. The nativist perspetive encouages teachers to use a curriculum that will provide extensive opportunities for children to explore language and engage in hypothesis testing of their developing knowledge of language. A wide range of children's literture should be read to children so they can develope the test hypothesis language is used to communicate. ( pg  27-30 Otto Language Development in Early Childhood)

Interactionist Perspective

Interactionist Perspective focuses on the primary role of social interaction in children deevelopment of language knowledge. This perspective contends that children acquire language through attempts  communicate with the world around them. Vygitsky emphasized that the role of social interaction in language development. Vygotsky's basic premise was that language development is influienced by the  society in which the individual lives.Speech has a social origin.Extensive research conducted by Bloom and Tinker(2001) has further added to the interactionist perspective. They found that children expanded considerable effort in acquiring language. The role as active learners. THe zone pf proximal development refers to the difference between what a child can accomplish alone and what can be accomplished with a peer. THe role of the enviroment in supporting and faciliting childrens language development has  been described in he 8 conditions of language. Immersion, Demonstration, Engagement, Expectations, Responsibility, Approximations, Employment, Response. The interactionist perspective encourages teachers to focus on providing many social interactions in which oral and written language is used. May talking oppoortunities are encouraged in the classroom. (pges  for bahavorist also pages 31-39 Otto Language Development in EArly Childhood)

Bahaviorist Perspective

Behaviorist Perspective emphasizes the role of nurture and considers learning to occur based on stimuli, responses, and reinforcement that occur in the enviroment. A child is considered to be a blank slate and learning occurs due to associations established between stimuli, responses, and events that occur after the response behavior. Language is learned as a result of these associations. Reinforcement of a childs verbal and non-verbal responses to language directed at them is responsible for the language learning that occurs. Skinner came up with the concept of operant conditioning. THe word operant acknowledges the childs active role in the learing process.When an infant is making sounds while in the presence of a parent and says mam ma the parent may rush to the infant, show signs of delight, and say mam ma a positive response was given. Many types of enviromental responses serve as a reinforcement. Teachers who follow a bahavorist perspective would focus on the stimuli and reniforcement that children experience in regard to language used.Activities would be provided that encourage children to communicate verbally through imitation and repetition. POsitive reinforcement is encouraged.

Nativist Perspective

Cognitive Development

THe nativist perspective emphasizes inborn or innate human capabilities (nature) as being responsible for language development. Linguist Noam Chomsky is the major theorist associated with the navivist perspective. Chomsky's contributions to our understanding of the acquistion and structure of language have been significant. CHomsky contends that all people inherently have the capacity to acquire language due to cognitive structures that process language differently from other stimuli. A major focus of the nativist perspective is on the acquisition of syntactic knowledge. Chomsky's work was involved indentfying grammatical aspects of language. Chomsky process that universal grammar is an innate property of the human mind.Tyhe ability to learn language is a quality of all human species. A wide range of childrens literature should be read to  children so they can develope and test hypothese about how language is used to communicate. Opportunties to draw and write encourage children to communicate and create meaning based on their ideas of how language works. The nativist perspective encourages teachers to use a curriculum that will provide extensive opportunities for children to explore language. (pg 27-30)Language Development in Early CHildhood Otto. Cognitive developmental perspective is based on the work of Jean Peiget (1995). The emphasis of this perspective is that language is acquired as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develope. THe first stage of cognitive development , the sensorimotor stage, children are prelinguistic. Piaget, children understanding of the enviromnent comes only through their immediate direct sensory experiences and their motor movement activities. Piaget contended that the capacity of mental representation must be present(Brainerd, 1978,p.110) Vocalization and babbling that occur during infancy are not language, according to paiget. The development of symbols in response to a new situition. The cognitive developmental perspective encourages teachers to pay close attention to a childs stage of cognitive developemnt and use knowledge to appropriatly plan learning activities. Teachers would develope a curriculm that recognizes the importance of the development of specific cognitive mechanisms as prescursors to the onset of language. such as permanence and symbolic represention. Through speaking, drawing and writing. (pges 30-31 ) Language Development in EArly Childhood Beverly Otto ( Work Cited for this project - LAnguage Developement In Early CHildhood THird Ed Beverly Otto- pages 26-39)