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Vishnu by Mind Map: Vishnu
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Vishnu

Basic Info

Preserver of the Universe

Represents Goodness and mercy

From Sanskrit root "vish"- to pervade

consort- Lakshmi

Goddess of wealth and fortune

She appeared with Vishnu in all of is incarnations

He has one thousand names whose repetition is said to bring good merit

Visual figure

Four arms

First arm, discus: slices enemies of goodeness in two or the spinning of the universe which he controls

Second arm, golden baton: to flatten human egos

Third arm, conch shell (Shankha): represents Om, first sound of creation

Fourth arm, lotus: purity in fourth hand

garuda

the kite that vishnu and his consort ride on that symbolizes sky and sun.

Eyes

Left eye dark: symbolizes night

Right eye light: symbolizes day

Sun emerges from mouth

Gives yellow color to gown

Causes there to be two rainbows on his sides

Blue skin

color of divinity and infinity

Vishnavas

Devoted to Vishnu and his avatars specifically Krishna and Rama

They believe that God has six special qualities.

All knowledge

All power

Supreme majesty

Supreme Strength

Unlimited energy

Total self sufficiency

Their goal is to escape from the cycle of life and death in order to enjoy the presence of Vishnu.

10 Avatars-Reincarnations of Vishnu

Fish Incarnation: Matsya

In MASTYA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a fish in this world. In the earliest yuga (era) of Sata-yuga, a king named Manu was performing severe penance for thousands of years. One day as he was performing ablutions with river water, a small fish came into his hands and just as he was about to throw the fish back into the river, the fish requested the king to save its life. Heeding its request, the king put the fish into a jar of water but the fish started growing and the jar was not big enough for it. Then the king threw it into the river, but it soon it outgrew the river and the king then threw it into Ganges and then into the ocean. The king realised that it was Lord Vishnu himself and then the lord made an appearance and made a special request to the king. It predicted that the world would come to an end by a huge flood in seven days and requested the king to build a huge boat and take the seven sages(hermits), seeds of all plants, one animal of each type and told him that he would appear as a fish to propel the boat to Mt Himavan for surviving the flood to the next yuga(eon). True to his word, after seven days the Lord appeared and the king tied the boat to the fish by using the royal serpent Vasuki and the fish took all of them to Mt Himavan and kept them there till the flood was over and in the new era, the king started procreation a for the new era.

First incarnation

Turtle incarnation: Kurma

  In KURMA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a tortoise. It is an interesting story involving both the gods (Devtas) and asuras (demons). In the ongoing saga of battle between the gods and asuras, on one occasion the gods suddenly lost all their strength due to a curse by the short-tempered sage Durvasa. The sage had once presented a garland of flowers to Indra,king of gods, who carelessly gave it away to his elephant which trampled it.   The Devtas approached Vishnu for help. Vishnu then asked them to churn the ocean of milk after adding medicines into the ocean. Mt Mandara could be used a the churning stick he said. He requested them to ask them help of Asuras in lifting the mountain in exchange for offer of the share of nectar of immortality that would ensue from the churning. Both the devatas and the asuras churned the ocean using the serpent Vasuki as the rope. At the start, playing a Machiavellian trick, Indra, king of the gods asked the asuras for the head end of vasuki. But asuras suspecting foul play, took the head end, only to be deceived as the poison from Vasuki was slowly weakening them. But as churning was proceeding the mountain was sinking and then Lord Vishnu took the form of the tortoise KURMA and kept the mountain afloat. As soon as the bowl of amrita, the nectar of immortality was out, the asuras grabbed it. Then Lord Vishnu took the form of an apsara, a beautiful maiden, and seduced the asuras into letting her distribute the nectar and also to abide by her order of distribution. As soon as the devatas were served the maiden disappeared thus totally deceiving the asuras and making them totally weak.

Second incarnation

Boar incarnation: Varaha

  In VARAHA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a boar in this world. A demon Hiranyaksha, had prayed for Lord Brahma and got awarded a boon that no beast nor man nor god could kill him. But somehow from the list of beasts the name of boar was missing. This proved to be his lacunae. He then started a campaign of plunder across the worlds. He pushed the world to the Pataal loka, or the under of the sea. He stole the Vedas, the holy scriptures from the Lord Brahma, while he was asleep and performed huge atrocities.           To retrieve the Vedas and to save the world the Lord Vishnu assumed the role of a boar and brought out the earth from the under of the ocean, using its two tusks. It then killed Hiranyaksha and retrieved the Vedas from the asura and brought it back to the safe custody of the Lord Brahma.

third Incarnation

Lion incarnation: Narasingha

  In NARASIMHA Avatar, Lord Vishnu incarnates himself as a semi-man,semi-lion in this world. The king of demons(asuras), Hiranyakasyapa, wanted to become immortal and wanted to remain young forever. To this end, he meditated for Lord Brahma and because of his severe penance, the gods were frightened and asked Brahma to pacify the king. Brahma was impressed by his austerity and granted him a wish. HiranyaKasyapa wished that he be neither killed by a man or beast, nor in daylight or at night and neither inside or outside a building. Having obtained the wish he considered himself the supreme God and frobade all worship of gods by anyone. But his son Prahlada, was an ardent devotee of Vishnu. This enraged Hiranyakasyapa very much. He ordered numerous ways to kill Prahlada including asking his sister Holika to sit with Prahlada in the fire. But everytime Prahlada escaped unhurt. Enraged, once he asked Prahlad to show him the Lord Vishnu. Prahlad said, "He is everywhere". Further enraged, Hiranyakasyapa knocked down a pillar, and asked if Lord was present there. Lord Vishnu then emerged as a half lion, half man from the pillar which was neither inside the house nor outside, and the time was evening, neither night nor day. He then killed Hiranyakasyapa thus saving the life of his devotee Prahlada.

Fourth incarnation

Dwarf incarnation: Vamana

The Dwarf incarnation.  This was the fifth incarnation in which Vishnu was reincarnated into a dwarf.  Bali was an egotistical king who had built a whole empire, as a dwarf Vishnu approached him and asked if he could have as much land as he could cover in three steps. In the first step the dwarf covered the whole entire earth, in the second step the dwarf covered all the heavens.  Since the the dwarf had one more step he stepped on Bali's face and crushed it into the earth.  the moral of this story is to show that Bali is the human ego, and Vishnu is all pervading spirit.  Before the Supreme Being the egotistic human must surrender.   Idiots guide to Hinduism

Fifth incarnation

Dwarf Incarnation: Vanama

The Dwarf incarnation.  This was the fifth incarnation in which Vishnu was reincarnated into a dwarf.  Bali was an egotistical king who had built a whole empire, as a dwarf Vishnu approached him and asked if he could have as much land as he could cover in three steps. In the first step the dwarf covered the whole entire earth, in the second step the dwarf covered all the heavens.  Since the the dwarf had one more step he stepped on Bali's face and crushed it into the earth.  the moral of this story is to show that Bali is the human ego, and Vishnu is all pervading spirit.  Before the Supreme Being the egotistic human must surrender.   Idiots guide to Hinduism

Sixth Incarnation

Parash Rama

Parashu Rama-sixth incarnation.  Means "Rama with an axe"  The warrior cast was out of control they killed innocent people as they rampaged through the countryside.  When a soldier killed Parashu Rama's father, he picked up an axe and killed the soldier, though he was a brahmin and not supposed to fight.  he did not stop there, he killed all the warriors, then he broke into their homes and killed their problems.  Parashu Rama was a reincarnation of Vishnu who came to purify the world of evil and violence. idiots guide to Hinduism

seventh iNcarnation

Rama

Rama-Seventh incarnation.  Ravana won a boon from Shiva that no God could defeat him in a battle, with that he started terrorizing heaven and earth.  Since no God could defeat him in battle, Vishnu reincarnated as Rama.  Rama was a perfect son, husband and king of Ayodhya, while not realizing that he was God reincarnated.  Ravana kidnapped Sita, Rama's wife, to make her marry him.  When Rama went after him, he killed the demon king and destroyed his capital city.  Rama is also known for his bow.  Rama's bow was originally given to the Gods by Shiva, who then gave it to the ancestors of Sita's father.  until Rama tried, no one had managed to bend it,  Being able to bend it, he won Sita's hand in marriage.  this story is told in detail in the Hindu epic Ramayana.

eighth Incarnation

Krishna

Krishna-eight incarnation of Vishnu and was born in the Dvarpara Yuga as the "dark one"  Krishna is embodied as love and divine joy, that destroys all pain and sin.  Krishna was the eight child of Devaki who was the sister of the cruel demond king, Kamsa.  the king killed Devaki's first six children because it had been predicted that Kamsi would be killed by his nephew.  the seventh child escaped and Krishna, who was the eight was exchanged for a daughter.  Krishna was known for loving to play the flute and seducing the village girls.  he is the deity of humor, and a messenger of peace.  Krishna did kill the king Kamsa, and became king.  Krishna spoke memorable words of essence of the Yoga of Devotion, which is found in the great Mahabaratha epic.

Ninth Incarnation

Buddha

 buddha came when the age of kali and destruction came.  * he was supposed to enlighten the people *he is called the enlightened one *he was born in a forest to queen Mayadevi *he encouraged people to live in the middle between extreme indulgance and extreme abstinence. this is what he taught *he had 4 truths that led people to enlightenment     *everything has suffering     *suffering is caused by desire     *suffering can be beaten and there is an end to it     *if you give up desires then suffering stops

Tenth Incarnation

Buddhism

How Vishnu is viewed

Considered cheif God in Hindu Religion

Eternal and universal spirit

Aryan conquers of India

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