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Unit 1 by Mind Map: Unit 1

1. The three pillars of science

1.1. Empirical evidence

1.2. Logical reasoning

1.3. Skepticism

2. Scientific methods

2.1. Make observations

2.2. Develop general theories

2.3. Gather data to test predictions

2.4. Think of interesting questions

2.5. Formulate a hypothesis

2.6. Develop testable predictions

2.7. Refine,alter.expand or reject hypothesis

3. Logical fallacies

3.1. Ad hominem

3.2. Appeal to authority

3.3. Appeal to popularity

3.4. Non sequitur

3.5. Post hoc

3.6. Slippery slope

3.7. Strawman

3.8. Appeal to ignorance

4. Thinking fallacies

4.1. Anecdotal

4.2. Conspiracy theory

4.3. Synchronicity

4.4. Misperception

4.5. Stereotyping

4.6. Faulty memory

5. Research ethics

6. Types of scientific literature

6.1. Primary research articles

6.1.1. Title

6.1.2. Abstract

6.1.3. Keywords

6.1.4. Background

6.1.5. Materials & Methods

6.1.6. Results

6.1.7. Conclusion

6.1.8. Acknowledgments

6.1.9. References

6.2. Secondary

6.3. Tertiary

7. Logic

7.1. Deductive reasoning

7.1.1. Syllogism

7.2. Inductive reasoning

8. Types of experimental design

8.1. Correlational study

8.2. Naturalistic study

8.3. Survey

8.4. Experimental study

8.4.1. Types of variables

8.4.1.1. Independent variable

8.4.1.2. Dependent variable

8.4.1.3. Control variable

8.5. Case study

9. The scientific community

9.1. Fact checker/ critic

9.2. Innovator/visionary

9.3. Watchdog/whistleblower

9.4. Cheerleader/taskmaster

10. Scientific jargon

10.1. Scientific thinking jargon

10.1.1. Demarcation VS. Falsification

10.1.2. Tentativeness

10.1.3. Pseudoscience

10.1.4. Cognitive biases

10.1.5. Confirmation bias

10.1.6. Validity VS. Soundness

10.1.7. Implicit VS. Explicit assumptions