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Language and Dialect by Mind Map: Language and Dialect

1. the language is basically a collection of dialects, where speakers of different dialect in the same language can understand each other.

2. Other Example The Hindi–Urdu situation that Gumperz mentions is an interesting one. Hindi and Urdu are the same language, but one in which certain differences are becom- ing more and more magnified for political and religious reasons.

3. The standardization also requires that a measure of agreement be achieved about what is in the language and what is not.

4. The language is basically a collection of dialects, where speakers of different dialect in the same language can understand each other.

5. Dialect such a variety of a specific language that is used by a specific group of speakers with their phonological and gramatical markers.

6. The language is a ethnic-building that involved social factors like age, gender, occupation and socio-econmic status of a group of people.

6.1. e.g. A person may be surprised when to find another person who appears to be a specific region and does not speak the particular language of the region.

7. Difference between a language and dialect

8. There are some connotation of inferiority about people who speak dialect, due to dialect is excluded from the polite society.

9. There exist a standardization that refers to the process in which a language is codified in some way.

10. When a language is standardized it becomes possible or easy to teach it in a deliberate manner, and it could take different dimensions.

10.1. On ideological dimensions are: social, cultural and sometimes political, beyond the purely linguistic ones.

11. There are some criteria such as: standardization, vitality, historicity, autonomy, reduction, mixture, and de facto norms, that maybe used to distinguish certain language from others.

12. A languague has more power than any of its dialect.

13. Speakers of language have never seriously adopted patois as a term to be usedin the description of language.

14. Differents kind of language.

14.1. standarization

14.1.1. refers to the process by which a language has been codiefied in some way.

14.2. vitality

14.2.1. refers to the existence of a living community of speakers

14.3. historicity

14.3.1. refers to the fact that a particular group of people find a sense of identity through using a particular language

14.4. autonomy

14.4.1. a language be felt by its speakers to be different from other language

14.5. reduction

14.5.1. refer to the fact that a particular variety may be regarded as a sub-variety rather than as an independent entity

14.6. mixture

14.6.1. refers to feelings speakers have about the "purity" of the variety they speak.

15. Author stated in the introductory chapter that all languages exhibit internal variation,that is, each language have. For example, they are Chinese, Japanese, or Korean and they speak.Chinese, Japanese, and Korean respectively.

15.1. Happen the same with Caribbean people from South America and center America their look like could be similar but their accent and intonation could be differents.

16. Dialect is used both for local varieties of English.

16.1. Dialect is often thought of as standing outside the language