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GRAMMAR by Mind Map: GRAMMAR

1. PAST SIMPLE

1.1. use:

1.1.1. to express actions happened in a concrete moment of the past

1.1.2. to tell histories of the past

1.2. time expressions:

1.2.1. ago

1.2.2. yesterday

1.2.3. last month

1.3. forms:

1.3.1. positive

1.3.1.1. add "ed" to the verb

1.3.2. negative

1.3.2.1. subject + didn´t + verb

1.3.3. interrogative

1.3.3.1. did + subject + verb

2. PRESENT SIMPLE

2.1. use:

2.1.1. general truths

2.1.2. habits,routines

2.1.3. likes and opinions

2.1.4. schedules

2.2. time expressions:

2.2.1. always

2.2.2. usually

2.2.3. every day

2.2.4. on Fridays

2.2.5. at weekend

2.2.6. once a week

2.3. forms:

2.3.1. positive

2.3.1.1. add "s" to the verb if it is a third person

2.3.2. negative

2.3.2.1. don´t + verb

2.3.2.2. doesn´t + verb (third person)

2.3.3. interrogative

2.3.3.1. do/does + subject + verb...?

3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

3.1. use:

3.1.1. talk about something that is happening at the moment or while we are talking

3.2. time expressions:

3.2.1. at the moment

3.2.2. now

3.2.3. today

3.2.4. right now

3.2.5. this week

3.3. forms:

3.3.1. positive

3.3.1.1. subject + verb + ing

3.3.2. negative

3.3.2.1. subject + verb + not

3.3.3. interrogative

3.3.3.1. to be + subject + verb

4. USED TO

4.1. use:

4.1.1. To express facts or conditions that were habitual in another time and then it stopped being

4.2. forms:

4.2.1. positive

4.2.1.1. subject + used to + verb

4.2.2. negative

4.2.2.1. subject + didn´t use to + verb

4.2.3. interrogative

4.2.3.1. did + subject + use to + verb

5. PAST CONTINUOUS

5.1. use:

5.1.1. say something was happening in a moment in the past

5.1.2. talk to two or more actions in the past

5.2. time expressions:

5.2.1. ago

5.2.2. last night

5.2.3. yesterday morning

5.3. forms:

5.3.1. positive

5.3.1.1. subject + was/were + verb with ing

5.3.2. negative

5.3.2.1. subject + wasn´t/weren´t + verb with ing

5.3.3. interrogative

5.3.3.1. was/were + subject + verb with ing...?

6. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

6.1. use:

6.1.1. past action --> present (it continues) (it efects)

6.1.2. actions just happened

6.2. time expressions:

6.2.1. alredy

6.2.2. always

6.2.3. never

6.2.4. ever

6.2.5. just

6.2.6. recently

6.2.7. yet

6.2.8. for

6.2.9. since

6.3. forms:

6.3.1. positive

6.3.1.1. subject + have/has + past pple

6.3.2. negative

6.3.2.1. subject + haven´t/hasn´t + past pple

6.3.3. interrogative

6.3.3.1. have/has + subject + pple

7. PASSIVE VOICE

7.1. use:

7.1.1. The action of the verb is outlined and not the subject that realises it

7.2. forms:

7.2.1. positive

7.2.1.1. subject + to be in present or past + verb in participe

7.2.2. negative

7.2.2.1. subject + to be with the particle not + verb in participe

7.2.3. interrogative

7.2.3.1. verb to be in present or past + subject + verb in participe

8. FUTURE

8.1. WILL

8.1.1. use:

8.1.1.1. To announce actions or future facts

8.1.1.2. to predict something that one thinks that it will happen

8.1.1.3. to express sudden, not planned decisions

8.1.2. forms:

8.1.2.1. positive

8.1.2.1.1. subject + will +verb

8.1.2.2. negative

8.1.2.2.1. subject + won´t + verb

8.1.2.3. interrogative

8.1.2.3.1. will + subject + verb

8.2. BE GOING TO

8.2.1. use:

8.2.1.1. To speak about plans and intentions

8.2.1.2. to express what is going to happen because there are indications of it

8.2.2. forms:

8.2.2.1. positive

8.2.2.1.1. subject + be going to + verb

8.2.2.2. negative

8.2.2.2.1. subject + be not going to + verb

8.2.2.3. interrogative

8.2.2.3.1. to be + subject + going to + verb

8.3. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

8.3.1. use:

8.3.1.1. It announces with complete certainty what will happen in the future, because it is planned

8.4. time expressions:

8.4.1. soon

8.4.2. later

8.4.3. tomorrow

8.4.4. tonight

8.4.5. next week

8.4.6. in an hour

9. CONDITIONAL

9.1. ZERO

9.1.1. use:

9.1.1.1. To realise affirmations on the real world

9.1.1.2. to say to general facts that we give for certain

9.1.2. forms:

9.1.2.1. positive

9.1.2.1.1. if + present simple in the condition + verb in present simple

9.1.2.2. negative

9.1.2.2.1. if + don´t + verb + verb in present simple

9.2. FIRST

9.2.1. use:

9.2.1.1. To say what will happen if the notable condition is fulfilled

9.2.2. forms:

9.2.2.1. positive

9.2.2.1.1. if + present simple in the condition + verb with will

9.2.2.2. negative

9.2.2.2.1. if + don´t + verb + won´t + verb

9.3. SECOND

9.3.1. use:

9.3.1.1. Hypothetical situations in the present

9.3.2. forms:

9.3.2.1. positive

9.3.2.1.1. if + past simple in the condition + would + verb in base form

9.3.2.2. negative

9.3.2.2.1. if + didn´t + verb + wouldn´t + verb