This information is an assembly of resources and activities that can support the development of an understanding about disease and how it is most commonly spread. To the greatest extent possible, the information was gathered from publically-available, web-based information that was believed to be reliable. However, since the resources are under the control of the external developers, the links and information may change. We apologize for any changes that have occurred since the assembly of these resources. The information assembled here could support many instructional activities and is aligned with the expectations within the New York State Living Environment Core Curriculum , that is available as a link here too.
Ways to share health prevention throughout the world
This section compiles a wealth of resources on micro-organisms and microbial populations. These resources can serve as background for many studies, reports, and projects.
Overview of viruses & virology. Wikipedia
engineering a virus
background info, DNA / RNA aspects, where from?
labs & learning, CDC - tutorials
HIV - detailed, overview
replication of viruses
virus - video overview, virus & electron microscope, virus animation - NSF
common cold, rhinovirus overview, video view
dysentery - shigella, intestinal - frequent, bloody feces
bacteria colony identification
Prokaryotes - no nucleus
simple bacteria studies
Mycobacterium - tuberculosis
in buildings & air
No text info but it does give an overview and shows the "aliveness" of these criters. You can see the critters moving - you could show this early on to have the students think about the many ways that disease can be carried . . . and also the useful roles that these microbes can have in the world, and even in our stomachs. Students could see this and make a list of the characteristics that they see. You could stop the video and talk about different organisms.
labs for microorganism study
Students are creating a support network for a clinic in an under-development country. Their research and explanations, put within a wiki, will help other people understand the health implications related to local behaviors.
Helps students to consider areas that need to be covered; this is an example of a class that could be conducted where students research health issues - using many of the links in this MindMap - and create online resources to share with other students
Students should have opportunities to study science in a direct, inquiry-based way. Although the study of actual diseases will be beyond the reach of a middle school or high school classroom, a study of local bacteria and molds can be achieved on a local level with simple materials, as is suggested here.
Highlights science facts on the source and effects of bread molds
mold on many obj study
Agar can be the basis for many science projects; here are some ways to prepare this useful nutrient.
General ways to characterize growths - by shape, by height, by color; considers bacteria, fungi, and yeasts.
Info from a company that addresses molds in the air.
overview of waterborne, detailed info
Speed of bacterial growth
Routes of Human Disease Transmission, inhalation, mucous membrane, saliva, blood, open wound
overview all disease
vectors, arthropods, snails, bats
World Health Organization - has info on the overall quality of water in the world and on ways to prevent illness.
study of emerging diseases
info on water related disease
Access to a Yellow Book with info about many diseases in a readable form
local hospital - simplified
There are many ways that the study of microorganisms will be mandated - from the Core Curricula that indicates the content to the other regulators that talk about process and assessment. These standard-setting organizations are within the United States and New York State, however, they represent a general consensus of important science topics that are recognized internationally.
The National Science Education Standards; created in 1996 - very broad & setting the tone for study
Next generation w/ more eng & tech
These standards provide the "content and process" portion of what is expected of teachers in NYS - this link summarizes the resources that are availalable through the web
NYS (and others) are emphasizing the importance of good writing and research skills & they are higlighted in the Common Core. English, social studies, math, and science teachers are now required to use careful reading and writing skills in their classrooms. These skills will soon be assessed on a state level however, as of Oct. 2012, the testing for science has yet to be announced.
To achieve a teaching certificate in NYS from spring 2014 and beyond, those apply for certification will be required to submit a portfolio that documents and details their teaching approach and that uses an actual classroom video to demonstrate teaching abilities.
Determining the quality and purity of a body of water is important in health-care and industry. Some studies and approaches are listed here.
Study of stream - good inquiry thinking; uses data probes too. From Dept of Ed in Hawaii
Many links to info on disinfection and sterilization.
Added Flood water CDC link
Many parts of the world lack the santitary controls and infrastructure to protect the health of their citizens. Movements are growing to help bring education and services to many parts of the world.
Mobile / temp medical & sanitary
Water testing is a broad description for various procedures used to analyze water quality. Millions of water quality tests are carried out daily to fulfill regulatory requirements and to maintain safety. Testing may be performed to evaluate: ambient or environmental water quality--the ability of a surface water body to support aquatic life as an ecosystem. See Environmental monitoring, Freshwater environmental quality parameters and Bioindicator. wastewater--characteristics of polluted water before treatment or after treatment. See Environmental chemistry and Wastewater quality indicators. "raw water" quality--characteristics of a water source prior to treatment for domestic consumption. See Bacteriological water analysis and specific tests such as turbidity and hard water. "finished" water quality--water treated at a municipal water purification plant. See Bacteriological water analysis and Category:Water quality indicators. suitability of water for industrial uses such as laboratory, manufacturing or equipment cooling. See purified water.
Field equipment & explanation
A graph of the problem in many part of the world
Engineering water purification
The deplorable water quality issues have created organizations within Africa that are looking into solutions. This link goes to journalists that are trying to make a difference - http://waterjournalistsafrica.wordpress.com/2011/04/06/water-and-sanitation-problems-ravage-africa/
International support, China