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Applying Theoretical Perspective to Curriculum Content by Mind Map: Applying
Theoretical
Perspective
to
Curriculum
Content
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Applying Theoretical Perspective to Curriculum Content

Behaviorist Perspective

B.F. Skinner

Nurture

learning based on stimuli, responses and reinforcements

language is taught

operant conditioning

Imitative speech

Nativist Perspective

Noam Chomsky

Nature

Innate or inborn capabilities responsible for language development

Syntactic knowledge

Universal grammar

language is instinctive

inborn mechanism for learning: Language acquisition device

Cognitive Developmentalist Perspective

Jean Piaget

Nature

language is developed as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develop

a prerequisite and foundation for language learning

uses same mechanisms for other learning as well

Object permanence is a precursor to language

signs and symbols

second stage is preoperational stage: represents the world with words, images and drawings

Interactionist Perspective

Vygotsky

Nurture

sociocultural interaction

children acquire language through interactions

focuses on language as a process not a product of development

Language acquisition support system