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Intelligence-the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge by Mind Map: Intelligence-the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge
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Intelligence-the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge

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Distributed Intelligence

Thinking facilitated by physical objects and technology, social support, and concepts and symbols of one's culture.

Theory still in infancy

Still need to delineate the specific ways in which the environment supports intelligent behavior.

Need to determine how great an effect environmental support is likely to have

Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

People have several specific abilities, multiple intelligences, that are relatively independent of one another.

linguistic

logical-mathematical

spatial

musical

bodily-kinesthetic

interpersonal

intrapersonal

naturalist

Are abilities such as music and bodily movement intelligences?

Cattell's Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence

Fluid intelligence is the ability to acquire knowledge quickly and then adapt readily to new situations.

Largely the result of inherited biological factors

Peaks in late adolescence and begins to decline in the early 20's.

Crystalized intelligence is knowledge and skills accumulated from prior experience and schooling.

Influenced by both heredity and environment

Continues to increase throught childhood, adolescence, and most of adulthood

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory

Intelligence involves three factors

Environmental Context

Prior Experiences

Cognitive Processes

Aspects of theory defined so generally that they are difficult to test empirically

Spearman's g

General factor in intelligence that influences performance in a wide variety of tasks and content domains.

Evidence indicates that an ability to process information quickly may be at its core.

Substantial correlations between measures of information processing speed and IQ scores are found.

Children Acquiring Intelligence

Hereditary Influences

Twin studies, identical twins have similar IQ scores

Certain genetic defects

Adoption studies, twins raised in different homes have less similar IQ scores than those raised together

Environmental Influences

Home environment

Early nutrition

Toxic substances

Early intervention

Formal schooling