PSY 1125

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PSY 1125 by Mind Map: PSY 1125

1. Meaning and Subjective Wellbeing

1.1. The surprising science of happiness

1.1.1. we'll be miserable if we don't get what we want. Our "psychological immune system" lets us feel truly happy even when things don't go as planned.

1.2. Simple pleasures

1.3. The science of happiness

1.3.1. Measuring happiness

1.3.2. Power of happiness

1.3.2.1. leads to long life, health, resilience and good performance.

1.3.3. Richer but no happier

1.3.3.1. First, it is thought we adapt to pleasure.

1.3.3.2. Secondly, it is thought that we tend to see our life as judged against other people.

1.3.3.3. we can choose how much and who we compare ourselves with and about what, and researchers suggest we adapt less quickly to more meaningful things such as friendship and life goals.

1.3.4. What makes us happy?

1.3.4.1. family and friends are crucial

1.3.4.1.1. the wider and deeper the relationships with those around you the better.

1.3.4.2. Marriage also seems to be very important.

1.3.4.3. having meaning in life

1.3.4.3.1. a belief in something bigger than yourself - from religion, spirituality or a philosophy of life.

1.3.4.4. having goals embedded in your long term values that you're working for

1.4. 5 dimensions of subjective wellbeing [SWB]

1.4.1. career

1.4.2. social

1.4.3. financial

1.4.4. physical

1.4.5. community

2. Principles of Positive Psychology

2.1. The new era of positive psychology

2.1.1. Martin Seligman talks about psychology

2.2. Positive Psychology Techniques

2.2.1. Gratitude Journal

2.2.1.1. The goal of a gratitude journal is to focus on the good things that would otherwise be taken for granted.

2.2.2. Gratitude Visit

2.2.2.1. Gratitude visits are the perfect opportunity to strengthen our relationships, and to make someone's day.

2.2.3. Acts of Kindness

2.2.3.1. Being kind doesn't only help others—it will also boost your own happiness.

2.2.4. Developing Meaning

2.2.4.1. Having a sense of meaning associated with the past, present, and future can help to improve well-being.

2.2.5. Design a Beautiful Day

2.2.5.1. happy and enjoy, not to check everything off on a beautiful day checklist.

2.3. Personal Reflection

3. Goal Setting and Motivation

3.1. Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic Motivation

3.1.1. Extrinsic Motivation

3.1.1.1. occurs when we are motivated to perform a behavior or engage in an activity to earn a reward or avoid punishment.

3.1.1.1.1. Examples

3.1.1.2. When to Use

3.1.1.2.1. In some cases, people simply have no internal desire to engage in an activity.

3.1.1.3. Influence on intrinsic motivation

3.1.1.3.1. Unexpected external rewards typically do not decrease intrinsic motivation.

3.1.1.3.2. Praise can help increase internal motivation.

3.1.1.3.3. Intrinsic motivation will decrease, however, when external rewards are given for completing a particular task or only doing minimal work.

3.1.2. Intrinsic Motivation

3.1.2.1. involves engaging in a behavior because it is personally rewarding; essentially, performing an activity for its own sake rather than the desire for some external reward.

3.1.2.1.1. Examples

3.1.3. Differences

3.1.3.1. extrinsic motivation arises from outside of the individual while intrinsic motivation arises from within.

3.1.3.2. Researchers have also found that the two type of motivation can differ in how effective they are at driving behavior.

3.2. Goal Setting

3.2.1. 5+1 Steps to SMART Goal Setting

3.2.1.1. Overview

3.2.1.2. Specific

3.2.1.3. Measurable

3.2.1.4. Action-Oriented

3.2.1.5. Realistic

3.2.1.6. Time-Bound

3.2.2. 10 Steps to Successful Goal Setting

3.2.2.1. Belief

3.2.2.2. Visualize

3.2.2.3. Get it down

3.2.2.4. Purpose

3.2.2.5. Commit

3.2.2.6. Stay focused

3.2.2.7. Plan of action

3.2.2.8. No Time like the Present

3.2.2.9. Accountability

3.2.2.10. Review

4. Character Strength

4.1. 6 main categories of virtues

4.1.1. Wisdom and Knowledge

4.1.1.1. Creativity, Curiosity, Judgment, Love of Learning and Perspective

4.1.1.1.1. Murray Gell-Mann

4.1.2. Courage

4.1.2.1. Bravery, Perseverance, Honesty and Zest

4.1.2.1.1. Mark Bezos

4.1.3. Humanity

4.1.3.1. Love, Kindness and Social Intelligence

4.1.3.1.1. Brené Brown

4.1.4. Justice

4.1.4.1. Teamwork, Fairness and Leadership

4.1.4.1.1. Having laws but not having them enforced means nothing.

4.1.5. Temperance

4.1.5.1. Forgiveness, Humility, Prudence, and Self-Regulation

4.1.5.1.1. Dame Stephanie Shirley

4.1.6. Transcendance

4.1.6.1. Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence, Gratitude, Hope, Humor, and Spirituality

4.2. My top five strength and two areas of weaknesses

4.2.1. Five strength

4.2.1.1. Forgiveness

4.2.1.2. Judgment

4.2.1.3. Social Intelligence

4.2.1.4. Teamwork

4.2.1.5. Appreciation of Beauty & Excellence

4.2.2. Two areas of weaknesses

4.2.2.1. Bravery

4.2.2.2. Spirituality

5. Flow

5.1. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

5.1.1. "What makes a life worth living?" Noting that money cannot make us happy, he looks to those who find pleasure and lasting satisfaction in activities that bring about a state of "flow."

5.1.2. The best moments in our lives are not the passive, receptive, relaxing times… The best moments usually occur if a person’s body or mind is stretched to its limits in a voluntary effort to accomplish something difficult and worthwhile.

5.2. How to ‘Flow’

5.2.1. Magical Chart

5.2.1.1. Flow is that magical place where you’re completely absorbed in what you’re doing, where time seems to pass so fast it’s like it doesn’t exist at all.

6. Mindset and Self-Efficacy

6.1. Self-Control and Self Regulation

6.1.1. Self-control

6.1.2. Self-Regulation

6.2. Fixed and growth mindsets

6.2.1. the power of belief

6.2.2. the effect of Prase on the mindsets

6.3. How optimism, Hope, self-efficacy, Mindsets,Coping and Vitality contribute to welling-being

6.3.1. Pushing Your Limits

6.3.1.1. to work hard and push the limits of what you think you're capable of.

6.3.2. Will Smith Mindset

7. Positive Emotions

7.1. Defining Positive Emotions

7.1.1. Joyful

7.1.1.1. happy, glad, lighthearted, pleased

7.1.2. Grateful

7.1.2.1. thankful, appreciative

7.1.3. Peaceful

7.1.3.1. relaxed, serene, at ease

7.1.4. Interested

7.1.4.1. engaged, attentive

7.1.5. Hopeful

7.1.5.1. wishful, expecting good things

7.1.6. Proud

7.1.6.1. beaming, satisfied, confident, accomplished

7.1.7. Amused

7.1.7.1. humorous, fun-loving, playful, silly

7.1.8. Inspired

7.1.8.1. creative, uplifted

7.1.9. Amazed

7.1.9.1. awed, part of something larger than ourselves

7.1.10. Loving

7.1.10.1. loved, compassionate, caring, kind

7.2. TED Talks on Positive Emotions

7.2.1. the more positive emotions we experience we begin to an upward spiral where happiness and well being can become a reality.

7.2.1.1. 1) Joy

7.2.1.2. 2) Gratitude

7.2.1.3. 3) Serenity

7.2.1.4. 4) Interest

7.2.1.5. 5) Hope

7.2.1.6. 6) Pride

7.2.1.7. 7) Amusement

7.2.1.8. 8) Inspiration

7.2.1.9. 9) Awe

7.2.1.10. 10) Love

8. Application of Positive Psychology

8.1. Hope, Optimism and Resiliency

8.1.1. The Three Most Powerful Leadership Tools

8.1.2. direct impact on transformational leadership, which directly impacted firm performance.

8.2. Psychological Capital

8.2.1. Hope

8.2.1.1. A sense of energy to persevere towards your goals through proactive planning

8.2.2. Efficacy

8.2.2.1. A belief in your own ability to produce positive results and achieve self-defined goals

8.2.3. Resilience

8.2.3.1. A positive way of coping even when it seems there are no solutions to negative situations

8.2.4. Optimism

8.2.4.1. Being and remaining positive about the likelihood of personal success, now and in the future

9. Hope, Optimism, Resilience

9.1. Applications of Positive Psychology

9.1.1. during hard times, strengths and positive emotions help people get through

9.1.2. happiness at work transfers and contributes to people's life happiness.

9.1.3. five traits to positive institutions

9.1.3.1. continue growing

9.1.3.2. CEO modeled

9.1.3.3. being bigger than its sums of the parts

9.1.3.4. empowering to make decisions

9.1.3.5. being clear with the mission or purpose.

9.2. Positive Education

9.2.1. What Is Positive Education

9.2.1.1. Positive education is the combination of traditional education with the study of happiness and well being, using Seligman‘s PERMA model and Values in Action (VIA) classification.

9.2.1.2. Positive education emphasises the importance of training the heart as well as the mind in education.

9.2.2. Martin Seligman’s Role in Positive Education

9.2.2.1. PERMA model

9.2.2.1.1. P – Positive Emotions: Feeling positive emotions such as joy, gratitude, interest, hope.

9.2.2.1.2. E – Engagement: Being fully absorbed in activities that use your skills yet challenge you.

9.2.2.1.3. R – Relationships: Having positive relationships.

9.2.2.1.4. M – Meaning: Belonging to and serving something you believe is bigger than yourself.

9.2.2.1.5. A – Accomplishment: Pursuing success, winning achievement and mastery.

9.3. Organizational Psychology

9.3.1. Organizational Psychology focusses on the well-being of CEO’s and employees in order to foster healthy minds and consequently enhance the standard of output at work.