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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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Intelligence

Components

Adaptive- can be used flexibly to respond to many types of situations.

Learning Ability- People that are intelligent in specific domains learn new information faster and easier than people wo are less intelligent in those domains.

Use of prior knowledge- needed to understand new situations.

Involves interation of many different mental processes.

Culture-specific-"Intelligent" behavior in one culture may not be considered "intelligent" behavior in another culture.

Definition

"The ability to benefit from experiences and thereby modify future behaviors to accomplish new tasks successfully"

How children acquire intelligence

Genetics

Children with certain defects have lower IQ scores than those nondisabled

Identical twins living appart have similar IQs

Parenting

Speaking to your child.

Reading to your child.

Playing games, puzzles, activities

Taking them to museums or the zoo

Experience

Prior experience is constantly used and needed to increase intelligence.

Questions/critiques

Why so many theories?

Which theory is most accurate?

Traditional intelligence tests actually designed to determine if a child requires special intervention/education.

Theories

Spearman's g

general factor, specific factor

Cattell's Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence

fluid intelligence, crystallized intelligence

Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory

8 intelligences- linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory

3 factors- environmental context, prior experiences, cognitive process