Present Simple and Progressive Present

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Present Simple and Progressive Present by Mind Map: Present Simple and Progressive Present

1. Simple present

1.1. Form

1.1.1. Base Verb + s

1.1.2. Ends in -s for third person singular.

1.2. Uses and time markers

1.2.1. 1. Repetead actions

1.2.1.1. Every

1.2.1.1.1. Day, week, Month, Year ...

1.2.1.2. Once, twice, three times...

1.2.1.3. Adverbs of frequency

1.2.1.3.1. Always, usually, sometimes, often, almost, never

1.2.2. 2. Non - action Verbs

1.2.2.1. Be

1.2.2.2. Have

1.2.2.3. Feelings

1.2.2.3.1. Love, Like, Hate ...

1.2.2.4. Thinking verbs

1.2.2.4.1. Think, know, Believe ...

1.2.2.5. Five senses

1.2.2.5.1. See, Hear, Taste, Touch, Smell

1.2.3. 3. True facts

1.2.3.1. Scientific facts, Unchanging truths ...

1.2.4. 4. Shedules

1.2.4.1. timetables, transportation ...

1.3. Examples

1.3.1. You read the novels once times a month

1.3.2. I know the answer

1.3.3. He eats the three times a day

2. Progressive present

2.1. Form

2.1.1. BE + Ing Verb

2.1.2. Forms of BE include am, are and is.

2.2. Uses and time markers

2.2.1. 1. Continuing actions

2.2.1.1. Now, right now, currently, nowadays, these days, at the moment ...

2.2.2. 2. Note on non - action verbs

2.2.2.1. Remember that even with the times marker above non action verb almost never use the -ing form.

2.3. Examples

2.3.1. They are learning new things

2.3.2. Cristina is sleeping in this moment

2.3.3. I am sending a email

3. Example