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My New Mind Map On Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: My New Mind Map
On Theoretical
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My New Mind Map On Theoretical Perspectives

Nativist Perspective

 The nativist perspective emphasizes inborn or innate human capabilities (i.e., “nature”) as being responsible for language development.  

Noam Chomsky

The main focus of Language Knowledge is Syntactic

(LAD) language acquisition device - View Notes

Focus is on Nature

Activity: Talking Time (see notes)

Cognitive Developmentalist

The emphasis of this perspective is that language is acquired as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develop  

Jean Piaget

Semantic & Morphemic Knowledge

Object Permanence, Schemata, Objective Permanenc View Notes

Focus is on Nature

Activity: Songs and Finger Plays(see notes)

Bahaviorist Perspective

The behaviorist perspective emphasizes the role of “nurture” and considers learning to occur based on the stimuli, responses, and reinforcements that occur in the environment. A child is considered to be a “blank slate” (Karmiloff & Karmiloff-Smith, 2001), and learning occurs due to associations established between stimuli, responses, and events that occur after the response behavior. Language is learned as a result of these associations.

B. F. SKinner

The Focus on Language Knowledge is Syntactic, Semantic and Morphemic

Type of learning is called operant conditioning (see notes)

Activity: Mother May I

Interactionist Perspective

The interactionist perspective focuses on the primary role of sociocultural interaction in children's development of language knowledge (Bruner, 1983, 1990; John-Steiner, Panofsky, & Smith, 1994; Schieffelin & Ochs, 1986). This perspective contends that children acquire language through their attempts to communicate with the world around them.

Lev Vygotsky

The Focus of Language Knowledge is Pragmaic

Main Focus in on Process not Prduct

Activity : Using eniromental Print (see Notes