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The Aztecs by Mind Map: The Aztecs
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The Aztecs

Military

Battle

  they began at dawn opposed eachother about 55-65 yrds away signals like trumpets and drums started the fight the Jaguar knights were sent to spy out the land, then the eagle knights attacked at dawn (being very loud)   the front troops faught in a unbroken row and tryed to break the enmy line into smaller weeker groups the main goal for war was to take prisoners alive, the more feroucious the captive the more glory they got 

the wars of the flowers

The God of war

Military

Captives

Everyone

Negotiations

Diffrent types of wariors

Quilted cotton that was soaked in brine More than a inch thick Knee leangth pants and a single upper body covering

Apprentice warriors

Eagle Wariors, Battle Gear

Jaguar, Battle Gear

Otomi or Shorn Warrior

Tools

Had the essentual tools

slings

lightweight basket work

brodswood

Other battle gear

Religion

The Aztec Calendar

they came together every 52 years, when there were special cerimonies

Soler

Ritual

Mythology

The earth was a circle , with the seurround sea meeting the upturned bowl of the sky thy thought that human beings had been created at their own 5th world many myths about creator gods

Human Sacrifice

It was used to please the gods, keep the people obedient, and to terrify the enemies The victims climbed to the top of the temple the priest would streached each victim across the stone, and another priest would slash open his chest and tore out the heart The heart was to most precious thing that could be offered it was put in a bowl and the victome would be thrown down the stairs

Priesthood

They controled cults and rites, governed schools, and the artistic life Came from class of nables The top two priests were next in rank to the ruler the lesser priests are warriors and carry idols of the gods into battle

Training

Gods

"two lord" and "Two lady", Tezcatlipoca, Red, Blue, Huitzilopochtli, White, Quetzalcoatl, Black

Xochipilli

Tlalco

Ceremonies

Public cerimonies that honored the gods were celebrated at least every 20 days They did this so often because the gods sacrificed themselves to make the sun, so the Aztecs thought it was their duty to feed them They offered them sacredwater which was the blood of the sacraficed victoms They also Sang and Danced Drums were made out of  wood and clay covered animal skins, and their were flutes and wistles Dances and Songes were preformed, and in return the gods would give a good harvest

Fire Ceremonie

Personal Rituals, Mark of births and the naming, beginning or finishing schooling, Marriage, End of life, burial, Shaman

Law and Courts

Punishment

Death penalty, stoned on the spot, put to death on an altar, strangulation

Lighter punishment, head shaved, home demolished

Restitution, paying medical bills

Commandments

8 Aztec Commandments

Laws

The class system, Nobles, priests, warriors, administators, Commoners, soldiers, farmners, Slaves

Marriage

Divorce

Courts

Local court, most crime

teccalco court, more serious crime

Emperor's palace, most serious

Economics

Large Trade System

market located in capital city Tenochtitlan

professional traders called pochteca

domesticated animals

38 states contributed to Tenochitilan

Currency

valuable trading items

Agriculture

cultivated crops

Tenochitilan could not support itself

Religious sacrifice

indicator of when the city is doing well, if the gods are hungry the city is hungry, if the gods are able to eat the city is too

certain gods eat human flesh

warriors are the only ones who do not have to pay tribute

Wives

the number of wives was limited by how much the man could afford

all wives spun cloth and helped the husband make money

Social System

Nobles, could be in calpollis group, also could own private land, recieved government land when in a public position

Commoners, could be in calpollis group

Serfs, worked the land for the nobles, stayed on the land even when there was a new owner

Slaves, considered property but the children were born free, slaves were captured in war or bought, people who did not pay their debts could become enslaved

Geography

Fertile land

good for planting

Marshy island

built chinampas (raised garden beds)

captital

Tenochitilan

located around modern day mexico city

one of the largest populations by 1520

Government

Huey Tlatoani

emperor of city, was worshipped like a god, had to consult with the high nobles before making big decisions

means great speaker, high ranked nobles picked him from the royal family

City council

held lots of power

Calpulli

basic unit of government

responsible for basic needs

set up a school

responsible for taxes

Individual familes

made up the calpulli and the councils

Governors

high nobles who control a certain land area

also are commander of a group of troops, these troops are strategically placed to protect the empire

Writing

Forms of writing

Painted manuscripts, Aztec manuscripts usually included 2 types of elements. Pictures and glyphs.

The making of paper

Made from Wild Fig trees

Steps to how they made paper

Writing utensils and surfaces

utensils, Used ash from fire, human/animal bood, paint made from berries

What they wrote on, media-stone sculptures, ceramic vessels, cave walls, rocks and other objects

Conquering of the neigbors

conquered all neighboring states in the early 15th century CE, Because of that, the conquered neighbors came and burned all of the Aztecs manuscripts and books, Mixteca-Puebla style language

Aztec alphabet

Pictograms

Ideograms

Phonograms

Numbers

Counted by 20s, not 10s

Art

Themes

Animals, jaguars, ducks, monkeys, snakes, deer, dogs

Gods

Warriors in their finery

Characteristics

Very lifelike

Show age and expression

Mostly about death

Types of art

Richly colored clothing

Headresses

Ceremonial knives

Stone, statues, masks, shields, knives

Precious materials, gold, silver, copper, jewels, feathers, coral, clay, stone

Symbols

Ideograms, represent the idea behind the symbol

Architecture

Chinampas

These raised platforms were built in marshy areas and the water level was regulated by different dikes.

Dikes

Dikes were especially important in the Aztec irrigation system because they regulated how much water the crops got. These structures are simply man made ridges around the banks of a river that regulate water flow.

Built over old temples instead of making new ones

Temples

Sacrificial temples to please the gods, Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Designs, little dragon figurines at the ends of staircases, each temple had four stages and stairs going up each side

Palaces

Emperor's palace large, extravagant, 4 main rooms, hundreds of rooms altogether, 2 stories tall

Shrines

Many shrines all over kingdom, religion affected all aspects of life

Built to worship the knights and sun god

Place offerings

Burn offerings

Houses

common houses, two buildings per house, each building is a separate room, one room used for eating sleeping and praying, the second room was a steam bath

adobe house with thatched roof

nobles' hosues, very similar in structure to common houses, distinguished by decorations such as statues

Technology

war weapons

atlatl

macuahuitl

Transportation

wheel, was only used for toys, didnt use mules, or anything else to pull them around

canoe, Developed the dugout "canoe"

main tools were made of

sidan and chirt

education

mathematics, number system

astronomy, Calendar

medicine, Aztec medicine was found in many forms, Ointments, drinks, leaves, nature

Creators

Clare Hopkins

Jill Dayneka

Grace Teeter

Nancy Eisle

Bilbliography

Grace Teeter

Nancy Eisele, Jill Dayneka, Clare Hopkins