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The Aztecs by Mind Map: The Aztecs

1. Religion

1.1. The Aztec Calendar

1.1.1. Soler

1.1.2. Ritual

1.2. Mythology

1.3. Human Sacrifice

1.4. Priesthood

1.4.1. Training

1.5. Gods

1.5.1. "two lord" and "Two lady" Tezcatlipoca Red Blue White Black

1.5.2. Xochipilli

1.5.3. Tlalco

1.6. Ceremonies

1.6.1. Fire Ceremonie

1.6.2. Personal Rituals Mark of births and the naming beginning or finishing schooling Marriage End of life burial

2. Geography

2.1. Fertile land

2.1.1. good for planting

2.2. Marshy island

2.2.1. built chinampas (raised garden beds)

2.3. captital

2.3.1. Tenochitilan

2.3.2. located around modern day mexico city

2.3.3. one of the largest populations by 1520

3. Art

3.1. Themes

3.1.1. Animals jaguars ducks monkeys snakes deer dogs

3.1.2. Gods

3.1.3. Warriors in their finery

3.2. Characteristics

3.2.1. Very lifelike

3.2.2. Show age and expression

3.2.3. Mostly about death

3.3. Types of art

3.3.1. Richly colored clothing

3.3.2. Headresses

3.3.3. Ceremonial knives

3.3.4. Stone statues masks shields knives

3.3.5. Precious materials gold silver copper jewels feathers coral clay stone

3.4. Symbols

3.4.1. Ideograms represent the idea behind the symbol

4. Architecture

4.1. Chinampas

4.2. Dikes

4.3. Built over old temples instead of making new ones

4.4. Temples

4.4.1. Sacrificial temples to please the gods Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

4.4.2. Designs little dragon figurines at the ends of staircases each temple had four stages and stairs going up each side

4.5. Palaces

4.5.1. Emperor's palace large, extravagant 4 main rooms hundreds of rooms altogether 2 stories tall

4.6. Shrines

4.6.1. Many shrines all over kingdom religion affected all aspects of life

4.6.2. Built to worship the knights and sun god

4.6.3. Place offerings

4.6.4. Burn offerings

4.7. Houses

4.7.1. common houses two buildings per house each building is a separate room

4.7.2. adobe house with thatched roof

4.7.3. nobles' hosues very similar in structure to common houses distinguished by decorations such as statues

5. Technology

5.1. war weapons

5.1.1. atlatl

5.1.2. macuahuitl

5.2. Transportation

5.2.1. wheel was only used for toys, didnt use mules, or anything else to pull them around

5.2.2. canoe Developed the dugout "canoe"

5.3. main tools were made of

5.3.1. sidan and chirt

5.4. education

5.4.1. mathematics number system

5.4.2. astronomy Calendar

5.4.3. medicine Aztec medicine was found in many forms Ointments drinks leaves, nature

6. Bilbliography

6.1. Grace Teeter

6.2. Nancy Eisele, Jill Dayneka, Clare Hopkins

7. Military

7.1. Battle

7.1.1. the wars of the flowers

7.1.2. The God of war

7.2. Military

7.2.1. Captives

7.2.2. Everyone

7.2.3. Negotiations

7.3. Diffrent types of wariors

7.3.1. Apprentice warriors

7.3.2. Eagle Wariors Battle Gear

7.3.3. Jaguar Battle Gear

7.3.4. Otomi or Shorn Warrior

7.4. Tools

7.4.1. slings

7.4.2. lightweight basket work

7.4.3. brodswood

7.4.4. Other battle gear

8. Law and Courts

8.1. Punishment

8.1.1. Death penalty stoned on the spot put to death on an altar strangulation

8.1.2. Lighter punishment head shaved home demolished

8.1.3. Restitution paying medical bills

8.2. Commandments

8.2.1. 8 Aztec Commandments

8.3. Laws

8.3.1. The class system Nobles priests, warriors, administators Commoners soldiers, farmners Slaves

8.3.2. Marriage

8.3.3. Divorce

8.4. Courts

8.4.1. Local court most crime

8.4.2. teccalco court more serious crime

8.4.3. Emperor's palace most serious

9. Economics

9.1. Large Trade System

9.1.1. market located in capital city Tenochtitlan

9.1.2. professional traders called pochteca

9.1.3. domesticated animals

9.1.4. 38 states contributed to Tenochitilan

9.2. Currency

9.2.1. valuable trading items

9.3. Agriculture

9.3.1. cultivated crops

9.3.2. Tenochitilan could not support itself

9.4. Religious sacrifice

9.4.1. indicator of when the city is doing well if the gods are hungry the city is hungry if the gods are able to eat the city is too

9.4.2. certain gods eat human flesh

9.4.3. warriors are the only ones who do not have to pay tribute

9.5. Wives

9.5.1. the number of wives was limited by how much the man could afford

9.5.2. all wives spun cloth and helped the husband make money

9.6. Social System

9.6.1. Nobles could be in calpollis group also could own private land recieved government land when in a public position

9.6.2. Commoners could be in calpollis group

9.6.3. Serfs worked the land for the nobles stayed on the land even when there was a new owner

9.6.4. Slaves considered property but the children were born free slaves were captured in war or bought people who did not pay their debts could become enslaved

10. Government

10.1. Huey Tlatoani

10.1.1. emperor of city was worshipped like a god had to consult with the high nobles before making big decisions

10.1.2. means great speaker high ranked nobles picked him from the royal family

10.2. City council

10.2.1. held lots of power

10.3. Calpulli

10.3.1. basic unit of government

10.3.2. responsible for basic needs

10.3.3. set up a school

10.3.4. responsible for taxes

10.4. Individual familes

10.4.1. made up the calpulli and the councils

10.5. Governors

10.5.1. high nobles who control a certain land area

10.5.2. also are commander of a group of troops these troops are strategically placed to protect the empire

11. Writing

11.1. Forms of writing

11.1.1. Painted manuscripts Aztec manuscripts usually included 2 types of elements. Pictures and glyphs.

11.2. The making of paper

11.2.1. Made from Wild Fig trees

11.2.2. Steps to how they made paper

11.3. Writing utensils and surfaces

11.3.1. utensils Used ash from fire human/animal bood paint made from berries

11.3.2. What they wrote on media-stone sculptures, ceramic vessels, cave walls, rocks and other objects

11.4. Conquering of the neigbors

11.4.1. conquered all neighboring states in the early 15th century CE Because of that, the conquered neighbors came and burned all of the Aztecs manuscripts and books Mixteca-Puebla style language

11.5. Aztec alphabet

11.5.1. Pictograms

11.5.2. Ideograms

11.5.3. Phonograms

11.6. Numbers

11.6.1. Counted by 20s, not 10s

12. Creators

12.1. Clare Hopkins

12.2. Jill Dayneka

12.3. Grace Teeter

12.4. Nancy Eisle