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The Aztecs by Mind Map: The Aztecs
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The Aztecs



  they began at dawn opposed eachother about 55-65 yrds away signals like trumpets and drums started the fight the Jaguar knights were sent to spy out the land, then the eagle knights attacked at dawn (being very loud)   the front troops faught in a unbroken row and tryed to break the enmy line into smaller weeker groups the main goal for war was to take prisoners alive, the more feroucious the captive the more glory they got 

the wars of the flowers

The God of war





Diffrent types of wariors

Quilted cotton that was soaked in brine More than a inch thick Knee leangth pants and a single upper body covering

Apprentice warriors

Eagle Wariors, Battle Gear

Jaguar, Battle Gear

Otomi or Shorn Warrior


Had the essentual tools


lightweight basket work


Other battle gear


The Aztec Calendar

they came together every 52 years, when there were special cerimonies




The earth was a circle , with the seurround sea meeting the upturned bowl of the sky thy thought that human beings had been created at their own 5th world many myths about creator gods

Human Sacrifice

It was used to please the gods, keep the people obedient, and to terrify the enemies The victims climbed to the top of the temple the priest would streached each victim across the stone, and another priest would slash open his chest and tore out the heart The heart was to most precious thing that could be offered it was put in a bowl and the victome would be thrown down the stairs


They controled cults and rites, governed schools, and the artistic life Came from class of nables The top two priests were next in rank to the ruler the lesser priests are warriors and carry idols of the gods into battle



"two lord" and "Two lady", Tezcatlipoca, Red, Blue, Huitzilopochtli, White, Quetzalcoatl, Black




Public cerimonies that honored the gods were celebrated at least every 20 days They did this so often because the gods sacrificed themselves to make the sun, so the Aztecs thought it was their duty to feed them They offered them sacredwater which was the blood of the sacraficed victoms They also Sang and Danced Drums were made out of  wood and clay covered animal skins, and their were flutes and wistles Dances and Songes were preformed, and in return the gods would give a good harvest

Fire Ceremonie

Personal Rituals, Mark of births and the naming, beginning or finishing schooling, Marriage, End of life, burial, Shaman

Law and Courts


Death penalty, stoned on the spot, put to death on an altar, strangulation

Lighter punishment, head shaved, home demolished

Restitution, paying medical bills


8 Aztec Commandments


The class system, Nobles, priests, warriors, administators, Commoners, soldiers, farmners, Slaves




Local court, most crime

teccalco court, more serious crime

Emperor's palace, most serious


Large Trade System

market located in capital city Tenochtitlan

professional traders called pochteca

domesticated animals

38 states contributed to Tenochitilan


valuable trading items


cultivated crops

Tenochitilan could not support itself

Religious sacrifice

indicator of when the city is doing well, if the gods are hungry the city is hungry, if the gods are able to eat the city is too

certain gods eat human flesh

warriors are the only ones who do not have to pay tribute


the number of wives was limited by how much the man could afford

all wives spun cloth and helped the husband make money

Social System

Nobles, could be in calpollis group, also could own private land, recieved government land when in a public position

Commoners, could be in calpollis group

Serfs, worked the land for the nobles, stayed on the land even when there was a new owner

Slaves, considered property but the children were born free, slaves were captured in war or bought, people who did not pay their debts could become enslaved


Fertile land

good for planting

Marshy island

built chinampas (raised garden beds)



located around modern day mexico city

one of the largest populations by 1520


Huey Tlatoani

emperor of city, was worshipped like a god, had to consult with the high nobles before making big decisions

means great speaker, high ranked nobles picked him from the royal family

City council

held lots of power


basic unit of government

responsible for basic needs

set up a school

responsible for taxes

Individual familes

made up the calpulli and the councils


high nobles who control a certain land area

also are commander of a group of troops, these troops are strategically placed to protect the empire


Forms of writing

Painted manuscripts, Aztec manuscripts usually included 2 types of elements. Pictures and glyphs.

The making of paper

Made from Wild Fig trees

Steps to how they made paper

Writing utensils and surfaces

utensils, Used ash from fire, human/animal bood, paint made from berries

What they wrote on, media-stone sculptures, ceramic vessels, cave walls, rocks and other objects

Conquering of the neigbors

conquered all neighboring states in the early 15th century CE, Because of that, the conquered neighbors came and burned all of the Aztecs manuscripts and books, Mixteca-Puebla style language

Aztec alphabet





Counted by 20s, not 10s



Animals, jaguars, ducks, monkeys, snakes, deer, dogs


Warriors in their finery


Very lifelike

Show age and expression

Mostly about death

Types of art

Richly colored clothing


Ceremonial knives

Stone, statues, masks, shields, knives

Precious materials, gold, silver, copper, jewels, feathers, coral, clay, stone


Ideograms, represent the idea behind the symbol



These raised platforms were built in marshy areas and the water level was regulated by different dikes.


Dikes were especially important in the Aztec irrigation system because they regulated how much water the crops got. These structures are simply man made ridges around the banks of a river that regulate water flow.

Built over old temples instead of making new ones


Sacrificial temples to please the gods, Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

Designs, little dragon figurines at the ends of staircases, each temple had four stages and stairs going up each side


Emperor's palace large, extravagant, 4 main rooms, hundreds of rooms altogether, 2 stories tall


Many shrines all over kingdom, religion affected all aspects of life

Built to worship the knights and sun god

Place offerings

Burn offerings


common houses, two buildings per house, each building is a separate room, one room used for eating sleeping and praying, the second room was a steam bath

adobe house with thatched roof

nobles' hosues, very similar in structure to common houses, distinguished by decorations such as statues


war weapons




wheel, was only used for toys, didnt use mules, or anything else to pull them around

canoe, Developed the dugout "canoe"

main tools were made of

sidan and chirt


mathematics, number system

astronomy, Calendar

medicine, Aztec medicine was found in many forms, Ointments, drinks, leaves, nature


Clare Hopkins

Jill Dayneka

Grace Teeter

Nancy Eisle


Grace Teeter

Nancy Eisele, Jill Dayneka, Clare Hopkins