The Aztecs

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The Aztecs by Mind Map: The Aztecs

1. Military

1.1. Battle

1.1.1. the wars of the flowers

1.1.2. The God of war

1.2. Military

1.2.1. Captives

1.2.2. Everyone

1.2.3. Negotiations

1.3. Diffrent types of wariors

1.3.1. Apprentice warriors

1.3.2. Eagle Wariors

1.3.2.1. Battle Gear

1.3.3. Jaguar

1.3.3.1. Battle Gear

1.3.4. Otomi or Shorn Warrior

1.4. Tools

1.4.1. slings

1.4.2. lightweight basket work

1.4.3. brodswood

1.4.4. Other battle gear

2. Religion

2.1. The Aztec Calendar

2.1.1. Soler

2.1.2. Ritual

2.2. Mythology

2.3. Human Sacrifice

2.4. Priesthood

2.4.1. Training

2.5. Gods

2.5.1. "two lord" and "Two lady"

2.5.1.1. Tezcatlipoca

2.5.1.1.1. Red

2.5.1.1.2. Blue

2.5.1.1.3. White

2.5.1.1.4. Black

2.5.2. Xochipilli

2.5.3. Tlalco

2.6. Ceremonies

2.6.1. Fire Ceremonie

2.6.2. Personal Rituals

2.6.2.1. Mark of births and the naming

2.6.2.2. beginning or finishing schooling

2.6.2.3. Marriage

2.6.2.4. End of life

2.6.2.4.1. burial

3. Law and Courts

3.1. Punishment

3.1.1. Death penalty

3.1.1.1. stoned on the spot

3.1.1.2. put to death on an altar

3.1.1.3. strangulation

3.1.2. Lighter punishment

3.1.2.1. head shaved

3.1.2.2. home demolished

3.1.3. Restitution

3.1.3.1. paying medical bills

3.2. Commandments

3.2.1. 8 Aztec Commandments

3.3. Laws

3.3.1. The class system

3.3.1.1. Nobles

3.3.1.1.1. priests, warriors, administators

3.3.1.2. Commoners

3.3.1.2.1. soldiers, farmners

3.3.1.3. Slaves

3.3.2. Marriage

3.3.3. Divorce

3.4. Courts

3.4.1. Local court

3.4.1.1. most crime

3.4.2. teccalco court

3.4.2.1. more serious crime

3.4.3. Emperor's palace

3.4.3.1. most serious

4. Economics

4.1. Large Trade System

4.1.1. market located in capital city Tenochtitlan

4.1.2. professional traders called pochteca

4.1.3. domesticated animals

4.1.4. 38 states contributed to Tenochitilan

4.2. Currency

4.2.1. valuable trading items

4.3. Agriculture

4.3.1. cultivated crops

4.3.2. Tenochitilan could not support itself

4.4. Religious sacrifice

4.4.1. indicator of when the city is doing well

4.4.1.1. if the gods are hungry the city is hungry

4.4.1.2. if the gods are able to eat the city is too

4.4.2. certain gods eat human flesh

4.4.3. warriors are the only ones who do not have to pay tribute

4.5. Wives

4.5.1. the number of wives was limited by how much the man could afford

4.5.2. all wives spun cloth and helped the husband make money

4.6. Social System

4.6.1. Nobles

4.6.1.1. could be in calpollis group

4.6.1.2. also could own private land

4.6.1.3. recieved government land when in a public position

4.6.2. Commoners

4.6.2.1. could be in calpollis group

4.6.3. Serfs

4.6.3.1. worked the land for the nobles

4.6.3.2. stayed on the land even when there was a new owner

4.6.4. Slaves

4.6.4.1. considered property but the children were born free

4.6.4.2. slaves were captured in war or bought

4.6.4.3. people who did not pay their debts could become enslaved

5. Geography

5.1. Fertile land

5.1.1. good for planting

5.2. Marshy island

5.2.1. built chinampas (raised garden beds)

5.3. captital

5.3.1. Tenochitilan

5.3.2. located around modern day mexico city

5.3.3. one of the largest populations by 1520

6. Government

6.1. Huey Tlatoani

6.1.1. emperor of city

6.1.1.1. was worshipped like a god

6.1.1.2. had to consult with the high nobles before making big decisions

6.1.2. means great speaker

6.1.2.1. high ranked nobles picked him from the royal family

6.2. City council

6.2.1. held lots of power

6.3. Calpulli

6.3.1. basic unit of government

6.3.2. responsible for basic needs

6.3.3. set up a school

6.3.4. responsible for taxes

6.4. Individual familes

6.4.1. made up the calpulli and the councils

6.5. Governors

6.5.1. high nobles who control a certain land area

6.5.2. also are commander of a group of troops

6.5.2.1. these troops are strategically placed to protect the empire

7. Writing

7.1. Forms of writing

7.1.1. Painted manuscripts

7.1.1.1. Aztec manuscripts usually included 2 types of elements. Pictures and glyphs.

7.2. The making of paper

7.2.1. Made from Wild Fig trees

7.2.2. Steps to how they made paper

7.3. Writing utensils and surfaces

7.3.1. utensils

7.3.1.1. Used ash from fire

7.3.1.2. human/animal bood

7.3.1.3. paint made from berries

7.3.2. What they wrote on

7.3.2.1. media-stone sculptures, ceramic vessels, cave walls, rocks and other objects

7.4. Conquering of the neigbors

7.4.1. conquered all neighboring states in the early 15th century CE

7.4.1.1. Because of that, the conquered neighbors came and burned all of the Aztecs manuscripts and books

7.4.1.2. Mixteca-Puebla style language

7.5. Aztec alphabet

7.5.1. Pictograms

7.5.2. Ideograms

7.5.3. Phonograms

7.6. Numbers

7.6.1. Counted by 20s, not 10s

8. Art

8.1. Themes

8.1.1. Animals

8.1.1.1. jaguars

8.1.1.2. ducks

8.1.1.3. monkeys

8.1.1.4. snakes

8.1.1.5. deer

8.1.1.6. dogs

8.1.2. Gods

8.1.3. Warriors in their finery

8.2. Characteristics

8.2.1. Very lifelike

8.2.2. Show age and expression

8.2.3. Mostly about death

8.3. Types of art

8.3.1. Richly colored clothing

8.3.2. Headresses

8.3.3. Ceremonial knives

8.3.4. Stone

8.3.4.1. statues

8.3.4.2. masks

8.3.4.3. shields

8.3.4.4. knives

8.3.5. Precious materials

8.3.5.1. gold

8.3.5.2. silver

8.3.5.3. copper

8.3.5.4. jewels

8.3.5.5. feathers

8.3.5.6. coral

8.3.5.7. clay

8.3.5.8. stone

8.4. Symbols

8.4.1. Ideograms

8.4.1.1. represent the idea behind the symbol

9. Architecture

9.1. Chinampas

9.2. Dikes

9.3. Built over old temples instead of making new ones

9.4. Temples

9.4.1. Sacrificial temples to please the gods

9.4.1.1. Great Temple of Tenochtitlan

9.4.2. Designs

9.4.2.1. little dragon figurines at the ends of staircases

9.4.2.2. each temple had four stages and stairs going up each side

9.5. Palaces

9.5.1. Emperor's palace large, extravagant

9.5.1.1. 4 main rooms

9.5.1.1.1. hundreds of rooms altogether

9.5.1.2. 2 stories tall

9.6. Shrines

9.6.1. Many shrines all over kingdom

9.6.1.1. religion affected all aspects of life

9.6.2. Built to worship the knights and sun god

9.6.3. Place offerings

9.6.4. Burn offerings

9.7. Houses

9.7.1. common houses

9.7.1.1. two buildings per house

9.7.1.1.1. each building is a separate room

9.7.2. adobe house with thatched roof

9.7.3. nobles' hosues

9.7.3.1. very similar in structure to common houses

9.7.3.2. distinguished by decorations such as statues

10. Technology

10.1. war weapons

10.1.1. atlatl

10.1.2. macuahuitl

10.2. Transportation

10.2.1. wheel

10.2.1.1. was only used for toys, didnt use mules, or anything else to pull them around

10.2.2. canoe

10.2.2.1. Developed the dugout "canoe"

10.3. main tools were made of

10.3.1. sidan and chirt

10.4. education

10.4.1. mathematics

10.4.1.1. number system

10.4.2. astronomy

10.4.2.1. Calendar

10.4.3. medicine

10.4.3.1. Aztec medicine was found in many forms

10.4.3.1.1. Ointments

10.4.3.1.2. drinks

10.4.3.1.3. leaves, nature

11. Creators

11.1. Clare Hopkins

11.2. Jill Dayneka

11.3. Grace Teeter

11.4. Nancy Eisle

12. Bilbliography

12.1. Grace Teeter

12.2. Nancy Eisele, Jill Dayneka, Clare Hopkins