Types of Energy

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Types of Energy by Mind Map: Types of Energy

1. Law of Conservation of Energy

1.1. Energy Can neither be created or destroyed, It can only be changed from one form to another

2. Kinetic Energy

2.1. When an object moves, it possesses a type of energy - there is 4 types: radiant, thermal, sound, electrical (light) and mechanical.

2.2. Radiant Kinetic Energy is simply energy that travels through waves. It is energy given off by electromagnetic radiation.

2.3. Thermal Kinetic Energy is the internal energy of an object, it happens when the atoms within the object begin to move, with movement, it creates thermal energy.

2.4. Sound Energy is the joule. Sound is a mechanical wave and as such consists physically in oscillatory elastic compression and in oscillatory displacement of a fluid. Therefore, the medium acts as storage for both potential and kinetic energy as well.

2.5. Mechanical Kinetic Energy is the sum of Kinetic and Potential Energy. It is the energy associated with motion and position on an object.

3. Potential Energy

3.1. Gravitational

3.1.1. Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object when it is above the ground.The greater height,the more gravitational potential energy an object has. For example, the higher a water slide, the more gravitational potential energy you have at the top and the more kinetic energy you will have on the way down!

3.2. Elastic

3.2.1. Elastic potential energy is energy that is stores as a result of applying force to deform an elastic object. The energy is stored up until the force is released and the object springs back to its original shape. Deforming the object could involve compressing, stretching or twisting the elastic.

3.3. Chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances. Examples include batteries, food, gasoline, and more

3.4. Electrical

3.4.1. Electrical energy is produced by power stations, solar cells, batteries and lightning.

3.5. Magnetic

3.5.1. Electricity is most often generated at a power station by electromechanical generators.

3.6. Nuclear energy

3.6.1. Nuclear energy is energy stored inside the tiny atoms that make up all matters. Nuclear energy is released in a nuclear power plant, when a nuclear bomb explodes and inside the sun. Nuclear reactions produce heat and light.

4. Sound Energy

4.1. Sound Energy is the movement of energy through substances in longitudinal waves. Sound is produced when a force causes an object or substance to vibrate the energy is transferred through the substance in a wave.

5. Chemical Energy

5.1. Energy is stored in the bonds of chemical compounds. Chemical energy may be released during a chemical reaction, often in the form of heat; such reactions are called exothermic.

6. Gravitational Energy

6.1. Gravitational energy is energy, an object possesses because of its position in a gravitational field. The most common use of gravitational energy is for an object near the surface of the Earth where the gravitational acceleration can be assumed to be constant at about 9.8 m/s2.

7. Nuclear Energy

7.1. Nuclear energy is energy in the nucleus of an atom. This is how the sun produces energy. In nuclear fission, atoms are split apart to form smaller atoms, releasing energy.

8. Elastic Energy

8.1. Elastic potential energy is Potential energy stored as a result of deformation of an elastic object, such as the stretching of a spring. It is equal to the work done to stretch the spring, which depends upon the spring constant k as well as the distance stretched.