Literary Criticism

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Literary Criticism by Mind Map: Literary Criticism

1. Aristotle

1.1. Poetics

1.2. Epic Poetry

1.2.1. Mimesis

1.2.2. Aim of Poetry edify and elevate

1.3. Tragedy (Highest Form of Art)

1.3.1. mythos, or plot

1.3.2. character

1.3.3. diction

1.3.4. thought

1.3.5. spectacle

1.3.6. song

1.4. Characteristics of Tragedy

1.4.1. Unity of Plot Rational Beginning Rational End Rational Middle

1.4.2. Unities Time Place Action

1.4.3. Catharsis Pity and Fear Strong Emotion

2. Longinus

2.1. On the Sublime

2.1.1. Two sources of the sublime Nature capacity for strong emotion employment of figures grandeur of thought Art dignified expression dignity of composition

2.1.2. The Purpose of Literature (achieved through the sublime) to excite to move to transport to elevate

2.1.3. Similarities with Aristotle emphasis on rhetoric ("the magic of speech") scientific approach

2.1.4. The First Romantic Critic? nature's power over man tilt towards the grand and the spectacular, as opposed to the little things from today and now

2.2. 1st century AD

2.2.1. authorship of On the Sublime contested

2.2.2. pseudo-Longinus

3. Horace

3.1. Ars Poetica

3.1.1. Matter Teaching and Delight in Poetry Functions of Poetry Moral Political

3.1.2. Form

3.1.3. Poet Relation of a writer to his work

3.2. Importance of literary history and historical changes

3.3. Concerned about mundane aspect of poetry

3.4. Criticism given

3.4.1. Do not lose reputation by writing bad verse

3.5. A work becomes public property once released

3.6. Labor of Poetry

4. Dryden

4.1. "Liberal" neoclassicist

4.1.1. Imagination central

4.1.2. Perfection beyond Norms/Rules Rejected role of law giver

4.1.3. Art is dynamic & pleasurable

4.2. As a Critic

4.2.1. Poet Laureate Defensive of English Literature Against French neoclassical drama

4.2.2. While Analysing, consider Times Place Taste of People

4.3. Drama

4.3.1. Dramatik Poesy

4.3.2. Natural Rhyme, not Blank Verse Tightens speech Suits serious action

4.3.3. Imagination gives distinct flavor But should be regulated

4.3.4. to delight and instruct poetic imitation Observation Imitation

4.3.5. Rejects Aristotle's Unities

4.4. Art

4.4.1. Aim Produce something more beautiful than life Delight through beauty

5. Sir Philip Sidney

5.1. An Apology for Poetry

5.1.1. "School of Abuse", Gosson systematic logical answers Poetry teaches and moveth to virtue hence nothing is as fruitful as it Poet never affirms and therefore never lies. Plato’s example- turning Plato on himself - poets as abusing poetry rather than poetry nursing abuse

5.1.2. extensive historical examples

5.1.3. Poetry aim - to 'instruct' and 'delight' three kinds ecclesiastical philosophical poetry as an imaginative treatment of life and nature

5.1.4. Poetry - the Superior Art? philosophers - teach by precept historians - teach by example poets - can perform both peerless?

5.2. logician, poet and critic