Should the electoral system in B.C be reformed?

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Should the electoral system in B.C be reformed? by Mind Map: Should the electoral system in B.C be reformed?

1. Dual Member

1.1. How it works

1.1.1. Parties can nominate independent, or multiple candidates per district

1.1.2. Parties specify their first and second candidates on the ballot

1.1.3. Voters vote for one option

1.2. Primary

1.2.1. Primary candidates are selected by FPTP

1.2.2. The candidate with the most votes win primary

1.3. Secondary

1.3.1. Secondary candidates are selected by PR

1.3.2. The candidate with the overall province-wide majority vote, wins secondary (popular vote)

1.3.3. Must get 5% of votes to become secondary

1.3.4. The secondary candidate could be from the same party as Primary, or a completely different one

2. Proportional Representation

2.1. Pros

2.1.1. Gives minority parties a greater chance of being elected

2.1.2. Bigger voter turnout

2.1.3. Every party gets a fair share

2.1.4. Each vote counts

2.2. Cons

2.2.1. Some ridings won’t have representatives

2.2.2. Can be unstable due to compromise

2.2.3. Harder for B.C Citizens to understand

2.2.4. Makes it easier for extremist parties to have a voice

2.3. How it works

2.3.1. Proportional Representation works by the percent of votes received, which equals to the percent of seats won

3. First Past The Poll

3.1. Pros

3.1.1. Clear winner

3.1.2. Decision is made quickly

3.1.3. Advantage to the winning party

3.1.4. Simple and straightforward

3.2. Cons

3.2.1. A lot of people don’t vote because the candidate wins by popular vote

3.2.2. Doesn’t represent the majority of voters

3.2.3. Voter apathy

3.2.4. unfair to opposition parties

3.2.5. Leads to a two-party system

3.3. How it works

3.3.1. Voters vote for one candidate on the ballot

3.3.2. The candidate with the most votes in the district wins and represents the district

3.3.3. British Colombians have 87 MLA's in the province, and one represents each district

4. Mixed Member

4.1. How it works

4.1.1. District Vote

4.1.1.1. The MLA’s elected by district vote, is to represent the area you live in

4.1.1.2. Selected by FPTP

4.1.1.3. The candidate with the most votes in the district wins the district seat

4.1.2. Regional Vote

4.1.2.1. Regional MLA’s are elected by popular vote

4.1.2.2. Regional vote is when you select a candidate who you want to represent your region

4.1.2.3. B.C is divided into seven regions

4.1.2.4. District seats and regional seats are added together so that the total number of seats a party gets matches the overall popular vote of the party

4.1.2.5. A party must get 5% of the vote to get any regional seats

5. Rural Urban

5.1. How it works

5.1.1. On every ballot, multiple candidates are listed, and voters rank their preferred candidates on the ballot

5.1.2. Can rank as many as you wish

5.1.3. District voters use MMP to select one MLA to represent their electoral district

5.1.4. Regional voters use STV to elect multiple MLA's for their electoral district

5.1.5. Each district has a minimum numbers of votes needed to win one seat, this is called a quota

5.1.6. Any candidate who reaches the quota is elected, if it goes over, extra votes are distributed to the remaining candidates on the ballots using the voters next choice (STV), and the weakest candidate is dropped