Theoretical Frameworks for Learning

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Theoretical Frameworks for Learning by Mind Map: Theoretical Frameworks for Learning

1. Behaviorism

1.1. B.F. Skinner (Behavioral Scientist)

1.1.1. Skinner Box

1.2. Behavior

1.2.1. Learning

1.2.2. Environment

1.2.3. Reinforcement Reward Punishment

1.3. Teaching and ICTs

1.3.1. Management of Class Behavior

1.3.2. Programmed Instruction

2. Cognitivism

2.1. Jean Piaget (Psychologist)

2.2. Memory

2.2.1. Atkinson-Shiffrin Model Sensory Memory Short-Term Memory Long-Term Memory

2.3. Teaching and ICTs

2.3.1. Ask Questions

2.3.2. Use Multimedia Content

2.3.3. Highlight Important Points

2.3.4. Relate to Existing Knowledge

2.3.5. Practice Exercises Rehearsal Feedback

2.4. Robert Gagne (Learning Theorist)

2.4.1. 5 Conditions for Learning Verbal Information Intellectual Skills Cognitive Strategies Motor Skills Attitude

2.4.2. 9 Instructional Events Gain Attention Inform Learners of Objectives Stimulate Recall of Prior Learning Presenting the Content Providing Learning Guidance Elicit Performance Providing Feedback Assess Performance Enhancing Retention and Transfer

3. Constructivism

3.1. Social Constructivism

3.1.1. Teaching and ICTs Collaborative Learning Activities Testing integrated with Task

3.1.2. Negotiation of Meaning

3.1.3. Salmon Model Access and Motivation Online Socialisation Information Exchange Knowledge Construction Development

3.1.4. Active Learning

3.2. Diana Laurillard (Professor)

3.2.1. Conversational framework

3.3. Jean Piaget (Psychologist)

3.3.1. Active Learner