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Learning Theories by Mind Map: Learning Theories
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Learning Theories

Piaget's Developmental Theories

Brain builds cognitive schema's

Brain development needs to be considered in educational context

Behaviourism

We learn from exposure to environmental stimuli - positive & negative feedback.

Trial & Error (no thought)

Rote learning

Classic conditioning

Natural 'animal' response

Stimulus & Response

Behavioual or Operant conditioning

Carrot and stick approach

Cognitivism

Mind as Computer - Attempts to understand how we learn - what are our internal programs

Multidisciplinary

Learning w/ understanding

Usable knowledge = critical thought

Key concepts

Metacognition

Zone of proximal development

New node

Social Cognitivism

culture determines ind. development

2 ways, acquiring knowledge, how to think

Constructivism

We all construct our own understanding of the world.

Pre-existing knowledge

Infant - language, numbers, movement

Understanding based on what is already known

Attention to pre-conceptions

Pursuit of meaning

Focus on concepts, not just facts

Customized curriculum

Instruction

Tailored to student response

Encourage students to analyse, interpret, predict

Open ended questions, collaboration b/w students

Experimentation and Exploration

Explicit examination, challenge conceptions of learners

Social Constructivism

Understanding actively constructed through social interaction

Deeper levels of understanding are developed than without social interaction

Learning process interacts with and is inseparable from our personal and social contexts, experiences and beliefs

Brain-based Theory

The brain naturally learns unless inhibited by fear

Emotion connection to learning

Conscious and unconscious learning

Learning must be contextual

focus on immersive, interactive experiences

Observational Learning

We learn from observing others behaviour and the consequences of that behaviour.

Acquired Behaviour

Attention

Retention

Performed Behaviour

Production

Motivation

Reciprocal Determinism

Influences and is influenced by environment

Learning Styles

we perceive information differently

Learning should be tailored to the way we learn best.

Multiple Intelligences

There are multiple ways of seeing the world

We learn best when exposed to all these ways of seeing the world.

Right Brain vs Left Brain

Idea that we are either Right Brain(subjective) or Left Brain(objective) oriented learners