Cognitive processes

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Cognitive processes by Mind Map: Cognitive processes

1. 4-Predicting

1.1. -Prediction rather then random guessing. -Attention and involves visualising or using what you already know. -Finding out the answer provides feedback. -Informs subsequent attempts

2. 5-Spotting errors and incongruity.

2.1. Corrected mistakes they lovely.(children correct each other)

2.2. A readiness to spoterrose and incongrity is important for revising misconception

2.3. Encouraging children to ask question and discussion.

3. 1-Rehearsing

3.1. -observation -instruction -rehearsal

3.1.1. practice is important for skills to became automatice , releasing mental space to learn new thing. Vygotsky pointed out that learning is a social process in which imitation and instruction play a major role. Fuson found that child learnt to count from watching TV. Pisget stressed that verbal instruction alone would be ineffective and emphasised readiness for understanding.

4. 2-Making connections

4.1. -depends on generalising and indeutifying -encourage exploration of mathematical by asking. -symbol , a variety of sound images meaning.

5. 3-Representing and symbolising

5.1. 1- Recognizing numerals and engrossed by trying to record scores at skittles. 2- Representing things is an important learning process because in order to do so children need to identify key features. 3- Language played an important role in the process of abstraction.

5.1.1. -Visualizing is a key aspect of representation which develops before language. - Piaget called the mental image internal imitation. -Hughes found that young children used visualizing to add and subtract.small numbers of objects.

6. The foster cognitive learning has two kinds of activity emphasized by research: these are solving problem and play.