Three main learning theories

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Three main learning theories by Mind Map: Three main learning theories

1. Behaviorism(Learning perspective)

1.1. Network Resource

1.2. B.F.Skinner

1.2.1. Black Box

1.3. Edward L. Thorndike

1.4. Stimulus & Response Experiment

1.5. Learning happens when a correct response is demonstrated following the presentation of a specific environmental stimulus

1.6. Teacher-centered

1.6.1. Sage on the Stage

1.7. Feedback is important

1.8. Mind as a Black Box

1.9. Language Learning

1.10. Reinforced Behavior

2. Cognitivism

2.1. Network Resource

2.2. Robert Gagne

2.2.1. Jerome Bruner David Ausubel

2.3. Learning is viewed as an active process that occurs within the learner and which can be influenced by the learner.

2.4. Teacher-centered

2.5. Rules,patterns and strategies

3. Constructivism

3.1. Network Resource

3.2. Lev Vygotsky

3.2.1. John Dewey

3.3. Mental Models

3.3.1. Mind as an information processor Three types of Memory Short-term Memory Long-term Memory Working Memory

3.4. Student-centered

3.4.1. Instructor as guide on the side Building scaffolds

3.4.2. Learners as leaders Learning as an active process discovering concepts constructing knowleges

3.4.3. Dynamic interaction between instructors and learners

3.4.4. Inquiry-based Inquiry-based instruction Inquiry-based learning Characteristics of inquiry-learning

3.5. Social Constructivism

3.5.1. Collaborative Learning Examples of Collaborative Learning Collaborative Networked Learning Computer-supported collaborative learning Learning Management Systems Collaborative Learning Development Collaborative Learning in Virtual Worlds Collaborative learning in thesis circles in higher education

4. Why?

4.1. How learning happens?

4.2. Design courses according to different characteristics of groups

4.3. Support learning and teaching