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My New Mind Map by Mind Map: My New Mind Map

1. ANTI-CHEs

2. Choline esters

2.1. Ach, Mch, carbachol, bethanechol

2.1.1. Nicotinic actions

2.1.1.1. Autonomic ganglia

2.1.1.1.1. Nm

2.1.1.2. Skeletal muscle

2.1.1.2.1. Nn

2.1.2. CNS actions

2.1.2.1. Complex behavioral and neurological changes

2.2. New Topic

2.2.1. Muscarinic actions

2.2.1.1. Heart and blood vessels

2.2.1.1.1. M2

2.2.1.2. Smooth muscles

2.2.1.2.1. M3

2.2.1.3. Glands

2.2.1.3.1. M3

2.2.1.4. Eye

3. Cholinergic agonists

4. Organophosphates

4.1. Dyflos

4.2. Echothiophate

4.2.1. Long acting miotic

5. Carbamates

5.1. Tertiary N

5.1.1. Physostigmine

5.1.1.1. Eye drops Belladonna's posisoning

5.1.2. Rivastigmine

5.1.2.1. Cerebroselective Used in Alzheimer's disease

5.2. Quaternary N

5.2.1. Neostigmine

5.2.1.1. Used in:myasthenia gravis Postoperative paralytic ileus Postoperative decurarization Cobra bite (Neostigmine +atropine)

5.2.2. Used in Alzheimer's disease

6. Alkaloids

6.1. Pilocarpine

6.1.1. Actions

6.1.1.1. Small doses-bradycardia and fall in BP High dose-tachycardia and rise in BP Miosis and reduction in IOT

6.1.2. Uses

6.1.2.1. 3rd line drug in glaucoma

6.1.2.2. Counteracts mydriatics

6.1.2.3. Breaks iris-lens and iris-cornea adhesionzs

6.2. Muscarine

6.2.1. Mushroom poisoning

6.2.1.1. Muscarine type

6.2.1.1.1. Caused by Inocybe Produce characteristic Cholinergic symptoms Reversed by Atropine

6.2.1.2. Hallucinogenic type

6.2.1.2.1. Caused by A. muscaria and psilocybe (which produce muscimol and psilocybine respectively) Produce Hallucinations Atropine is contraindicated

6.2.1.3. Phalloidin type

6.2.1.3.1. A. phalloide and Galerina Inhibit RNA and protein synthesizing machinery Thioctic acud may have some antidotal effect

6.3. Arecoline

6.3.1. Areca catechu Both muscarinic and nicotinic actions Prominent CNS effects No therapeutic use

7. Non-carbamates

7.1. Edrophonium

7.1.1. Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis

7.2. Tacrine

7.2.1. Provide symptomatic relief in Alzheimer's disease

7.3. Donepezil

7.3.1. Used in Alzheimer's disease

7.4. Galantamine

7.4.1. Used in Alzheimer's disease

8. New Topic