US History II Lessons Learned

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US History II Lessons Learned by Mind Map: US History II Lessons Learned

1. ***Technology*** How does technology impact society?

1.1. WWl Warfare

1.1.1. Lots of new technology in the society we will be ill prepared when it comes to warfare.

1.2. WWII

1.3. Sputnik

1.3.1. Started the race to space and made the Soviet Union and the U.S. be in competition with each other. The lesson learned is that you don't need to rush to be better than the other country because it's risky.

2. ***Media*** To what extent does the media influence people? To what extent does the media mirror or reflect society?

2.1. 1920s Media

2.1.1. Radios allows us to be brought together and know what's going on in the war.

2.2. WWI

2.2.1. Articles in the newspaper could cause people to completely change their stance on the war or their personal opinion.

2.2.2. We learned that creating persuading posters that showed bad things that can be fixed by letter ones (aka "I gave a man, give a war bond"

2.2.3. The American media before the war did not glorify the killing and persecution of Jews in Europe until they got involved with the war. We learned that the media can change through war and other drastic events.

2.3. Red Scare

2.3.1. Everything spread through media like the T.V. and McCarthy realizes that people will believe anything on T.V. making it easier for him to become reelected.

2.4. Emmett Till

2.4.1. Emmett Till's open casket saw his face all over the news, and became angry.

2.5. Freedom Riders

2.5.1. Freedom Riders caused violence to gain media attention

2.6. Hippies/Protesters

2.6.1. Hippies and peace protesters were all over in large groups trying to get the war to end and to get American people out of Vietnam. The protesters and the hippies did not support the war and the American public was lied to several times by the national government. The U.S. learned that by lying to the American people situations considerably get worse and peace protesters will put their lives on the line to fend for their cause that they are fighting for.

3. ***Migration*** What causes migration and how has it impacted America?

3.1. WWII

3.1.1. Many Jewish people attempted to leave the country and fled to other countries so they wouldn't be killed or go through Hitler's cruel treatment and other countries did not step in early which could've prevented this.

3.2. Harlem Rennaisance

3.2.1. As a new type of people move to an area, they will add to the culture.

3.3. Communist Cuba

3.3.1. When a government takes away private businesses, there will be mass migration of its citizens to another country.

4. ***Government:*** What is the role and responsibility of the American government?

4.1. New Deal

4.1.1. Bad timing for affected people, created jobs for the poor, but angered others for creating useless jobs.

4.2. WWII

4.2.1. Many people thought the U.S. would be the best place to go, but America was very hesitant to allow everything occurring into their country, so Jewish people were stuck

4.3. Great Society

4.3.1. When the government decreases taxes and creates large social programs government debt will increase.

4.4. JFK/Cuban Missile Crisis

4.4.1. its important for governments to have means to communicate so that they can avoid dangerous and risky situations like the Cuban missile crisis and the naval blockade.

4.5. Gulf of Tonkin

4.5.1. 1964- North Vietnamese torpedo ships fired on U.S. ship. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution is passed which allows the use of U.S. Troops without declaring war. The U.S. learned that by bringing in armed forces they only got more involved in the early war and increased tensions between he U.S. and North Vietnam.

5. ***Foreign Relations*** How have foreign entanglements influence America?

5.1. World War l

5.1.1. When the US is involved in world affairs to a large extent, it is hard to stay neutral when a major conflict breaks out.

5.1.2. Forming allies can draw the country into a broader conflict.

5.2. WWII

5.2.1. Due to the Great Depression America's relationships with other countries was failing because they were protecting themselves.

5.2.2. Expansion, when too many countries attempt world domination, it creates mass conflict.

5.2.3. Stalingrad taught Hitler that the soviet union is a bigger opponent than they thought.

5.3. Early cold War Alliances

5.3.1. Conflict was created due to positive relationships with capitalist countries and negative relationships with communist countries.

5.4. Communism

5.4.1. We can't trade with other countries that are communists making it hard for us to maintain a strong trading bond.

5.5. Vietnam

5.5.1. United States lost the Vietnam War because as soon as the U.S. military fled the country of Vietnam, North Vietnam invaded Saigon and took over. The U.S. failed at meeting their objective of containing communism. The U.S. learned that even thought they fought hard decisions needed to be made to get American troops out of there, the North was not stopping.

5.6. My Lai Massacre

5.6.1. The My Lai Massacre occurred when U.S. Soldiers got so caught up in their emotions that they attacked innocents, such as women and children. U.S. soldiers killed over 350 civilians the public then became outraged. The U.S. learned that putting the soldiers in one place for so long under the harshest of environments and not knowing who the enemies are will drive the soldiers to become blood thirsty and to make unruly decisions.

6. ***Leaders & Presidents*** What makes an effective or ineffective leader?

6.1. President Harding

6.1.1. Very likable man and tried to please everyone but he died half way through his presidency. People found that he had many affairs.

6.2. MAIN

6.3. Hoover and FDR

6.3.1. Hoover's presidency was bad timing with the Great Depression and FDR didn't really care much about those he affected but had helped with some wages.

6.4. WWII

6.4.1. Radical leaders are more likely to be discovered and supported due to the problems and precautions that are being taken to protect their country.

6.4.2. Militarism and Alliances, when more powerful leaders work together it causes them to have a greater chance of winning which forces other countries to join the war. Militarism caused mass destruction for everyone.

6.4.3. A powerful leader like Hitler is willing to fight to the end. Russia is strong and willing to take high casualty rates.

6.5. Assassination

6.5.1. JFK , MLK, and Malcolm X all were killed due to supporting or fighting for civil rights. If someone is killed for supporting civil rights it will just lead to more people fighting.

6.6. Lyndon B. Johnson

6.6.1. Operation Rolling Thunder- sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam. Air campaign was brought in to hopefully get the North Vietnamese to negotiate on a peace treaty, but that failed. U.S. dropped 6 million tons of bombs on enemy positions. This increased the amount of involvement that the U.S. had with the war and killed hundreds of U.S. military men. By this point there was no negotiating and citizens in the U.S. were protesting the war. The U.S. learned that by dropping bombs and engaging in combat gives the enemy more of a reason to fight back and kill more soldiers.

7. ***Economics:*** How has economics impacted America & Americans?

7.1. Credit in the 1920s

7.1.1. When society becomes to much in debt they are in big trouble when the economy goes down (depression) no one will have anything to fall back on.

7.2. The Prohibition

7.2.1. When they tried to outlaw alcohol people only want it more they they wanted it before. Which causes high numbers of crime.

7.3. 1920s working class

7.3.1. Lot of immigrants coming in at the time and taking all of the factory jobs. Women were also taking jobs in the industry. When wages go up and hours go down people have more time to enjoy life.

7.4. Causes of the Great Depression

7.4.1. Stocks crashed and wages were cut so life styles that had once been good were not anymore.

7.4.2. Do not keep buying stock when in debt. When applying for loans make sure they can be paid back.

7.5. WWII (America on the home front)

7.5.1. People on the home front were more than willing to help with war by conserving, producing, and investing.

7.5.2. Supporting other countries will lead them to support U.S. and economic gain.

7.5.3. Mass production as goods are mass produced they become cheaper so more can afford it.

7.6. Civil Rights

7.6.1. Bus boycotts made the American society realize how much African Americans are important to the economic growth/decay of America.

8. ***Civil Rights:*** To what extent have the oppressed in America been able to attain an equality of life?

8.1. Women's independence

8.1.1. They fought hard to not be controlled by men, they had their own opinions and beliefs. They were just as capable as men.

8.2. WWII

8.2.1. Japanese Internment camps violated the constitution deeming it unconstitutional. Women proved to be fruitful during WWII producing many goods. African Americans proved that they were equal by fighting for their country.

8.3. Civil Movement

8.3.1. African Americans learned that by gaining publicity, support from the governments and Americans, they were able to receive bills that were passed to congress providing the right to vote.

8.4. Vietnam Soldiers

8.4.1. The average age was 19 and they rarely saw the enemy which led them to not trusting the locals, so they were all on their own. The spirits were low and that led to drug/alcohol addictions, which then led to sloppiness and accidental shooting of fellow U.S. soldiers. The U.S. learned to never mix war and alcohol. When in combat soldiers should be focused and prepared not drunk and sloppy.