Prehistoric period of Greece

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Prehistoric period of Greece by Mind Map: Prehistoric period of Greece

1. Stone age of Greece:

1.1. Paleolithic age of Greece: Begins from 55,000 BC- 9000 BC. The first people to come to Greece is from Africa, they probably leave the coast through the eastern mediterrian which now maybe known as Israel and Lebanon. The way they can arrive to Greece is by paddling a boat. The people that arrive in Greece use the same way to live like their ancestor at a cave name blombos cave in Africa. What the african do is by gathering many plants, fishing,hunting animall using traps and with bows and arrows. That time there is nothing unless stone and bone, so every weapon or fishing hook are made out of those materials.

1.2. Mesolithic age of Greece: Begins from 9000 BC-6000 BC. Until now nobody know what happens on the mesolithic age of Greece or the middle stone age of Greece. The things that happened during the mesolithic age in Greece is pretty much similar. The activity they did is pretty much the same as the Palaeolithic age of Greece such as: gathering plants, hunting and fishing. But there is still one thing happen during the mesolithic age, a person from the mesolithic Greece sailed to the mediterrian sea to find obsidian and catching fish like tuna. To find a obsidian, only near the volcanic island you can find obsidian. The closest volcanic island near Greece is called the Aegean island, it is in between Greece and Turkey. There maybe 3 reason the mesolithic Greece sailed, which are fishing, finding obsidian or selling the obsidian around the mediterrian

1.3. Neolithic age of Greece: According from the archaelogical of Greece, the neolithic period starts from 6000 BC - 3200 BC. The main characteristic of this period is the climate stabilization and the settlements of people. The revolution arrive at Greece during this period is usually from Anatolia and Turkey. People from region to region stop and settle permanently because other country is usually overpopulated. So basically what I am trying to say is that in this period, many people from many kind of region settle in Greece due to their own country, because their own country is overpopulated. Also that time Greece is still very empty because if you see from the paleolithic and mesolithic ages of Greece, the only people that lives in Greece is only the traveller from Africa

2. So what is prehistoric period ?

2.1. In generally prehistory is divided into 2 ages which are: Stone age & Metal age

2.1.1. Stone age: Is the very first human civilization, and everything or everywhere us made out of stone. But stone age is still divided into 3 more subparts:

2.1.1.1. Paleolithic age: Paleolitchic age is also known as the old stone age. In that time the human is still unware of cooking and aggriculture. The main ocupation at that time is food gathering and animal hunting. Paleolithic age lasted from 5,00,000 BC until 10,000 BC

2.1.1.2. Mesolithic age: Mesolithic age is also known as middle stone age. It is also the second subpart of the stone age. That time, the human has innovated the weapon for hunting animal which are bow and arrow. The human also use sharp thing for hunting fishes. Mesolithic age lasted from 10,000 BC until 6,000 BC

2.1.1.3. Neolithic age: Neolithic age is the last age of stone age. Many remarkable changes in the human civilization that time. Many improvement of tools in this era was made and mud bricks house were made in this era. Neolithic age lasted from 6,000 BC until 1000 BC

2.1.2. Metal age: metal age is basically the end of the stone age. metal age also has subparts, 2 subparts actually, which are:

2.1.2.1. Bronze age: Bronze itself has the best metal quality that time because it is more harder and durable at that time. The human civilization that live in that period can gain many technological advantage. So technically bronze age is the first period where there is metal and had the best metal quality that time

2.1.2.2. Iron age: In this age all of the weapon are made out of iron. And this has brought an end to metal age and bronze age

2.2. Prehistoric period is the beginning of human age about 5 million years ago and finishes with the invention of writing, about 6,000 years ago. When it is that time, there is only rocks and nothing else. The species there is that time is what we called Homo erectus. As time goes on, there is a new species called homo sapiens that taught them using clothes, how to communicate. The definition of homo is human, the definition of erectus is stand up straight and the meaning of sapiens is modern.

2.3. Prehistory refers to the period of time before civilization and writing. We don't know a lot about prehistory. Since pre means "before," and history is the record of human events, prehistory refers to the time before human civilization developed and started writing things down.

3. Tools from the Greece prehistoric period

3.1. Stone age Greece tool:

3.1.1. Paleolithic age Greece tool: Axes, Bow and arrow, fishing hook, sailed boats, paddle. Those materials were all made by bones and stone cause back then, the only material there is only that. (For the mesolithic and neolithic is the same)

3.2. Metal age Greece tool:

3.2.1. Bronze age Greece tool: Weapons, axes, fishing hook, sailed boats, paddle, thin, bronze, cooper. (thin and cooper is alloyed of bronze). The iron age's Greece tool is the same as the Bronze age tool of Greece

4. Explanation of the stone age & metal age of Greece

4.1. Metal age of Greece

4.1.1. Bronze age in greece: Broze age begins from 2900 BC- 1100 BC In Greece bronze age is also known as hellas. The bronze age of Greece is a period of time that owe its name to its appearance learn from the civilazation of the near east. Before the bronze age of Greece appear, the civilization in Greece use tools made out of stone and bone until the first bronze appear which is also an alloye of cooper and thin and the position became a high social status. The first civilization that appear during the bronze age is called cycladic. The cycladic civilization live in the Cycladic island, the activities that they did is practicing agriculture, hunting and fishing. The cycladic civilization burried the dead using pots, bronze dagger, blades & marble figuring. If you want to know what a marble figuring is, marble figuring is a like a small statue with the body of a human, flat face and folded arms. The second civilazation that appear during the bronze age is a civilization living in the island called Cyprus. There are 3 main periods on the island of Cyprus. The first period of Cyprus is known as the early bronze age, it is that time that first writing text was appeared. The second period of Cyprus is in the middled bronze age, is the first time that the Greece people is arriving at that region and the first time having a commercial context with the people called minoans. The third period of Cyprus was also known as the late bronze age. Because the position of Cyprus island is in the middle of many civilization, the cyprus civilization can get many advantage because they can do many commercial contacts. The advantage they got is from the side of ideas, art and technology. Cyprus is also the hub for economies and intellectual in the mediterrian for the era of the late broze age. The third civilization in Greece is called Crete, the crete civilization is located on the south of cycladic island. The cycladic civilization is also known as the minoans civilization. This civilization got their civilization named minoans because of their mythical king name Minos. The crete or the minoans civilization is similar like the cyprus because it has 3 period. In the first period of the crete or minoans civilization, there is no outstanding role from the people. The middle crete or minoans, it is the first time we see the establishment of the palace civilization. The palace is used for the political, economical and social organization of the minoan people center around. The name of the palace that the archaeologic find out is knossos, mallia, phaistos and zakros. The last period of the minoan civilization is called the late minoans, it is when the time when the minoans had many contacts with the mediterrian. From the palace of the minoans, they reflect their ties to the sea. During the late minoan, the influence and power of respect from the minoan civilization grew that time during the late minoans. The term of the minoans use to describe a people with a great sea power is called thalassocracy.

4.1.2. Iron age of Greece: The iron age of Greece is also known as the Greece dark age because it is the period of time when the mycenean civilization collapse around 1100 BC and the beginning of the archaic Greece period around 800 BC. The thing that make Greece begin the iron age is the catastrophic event where all the mycenean civilization was either destroyed or abandoned.

5. culture and how they survive in their daily life in Greece

5.1. Stone age

5.1.1. Paleolithic: In this period there arent many culture. The culture they have in this period is just the migrant from africa.The culture they have is by following their ancestor, in a cave named blombos cave, gathering plants, hunting and fishing. Their daily activities is fishing food for them to eat and survive. The way to defend their self is by creating Weapons such bow and arrow, axes, etc. And to defend themselve, they build traps, those things are made out of a material named bones and stone

5.1.2. Mesolithic: This period is very similar with the paleolithic, so the culture is the same, the way to survive is same, but there is one thing happen in the mesolithic period, mesolithic Greece people started sailing with small boats and try to find for obsidian. This obsidian can be selled to the mediterrian.

5.1.3. Neolithic: In this period other region came to Greece and settle permanently due to overpopulated from their own region overpopulated. Because many region became one country which is Greece, they can do domestic commercial contacts easily.

5.2. Metal age

5.2.1. Bronze age: The first culture in the bronze age of Greece is the cycladic civilization. the activities that they did is practicing agriculture, hunting and fishing. The cycladic civilization burried the dead using pots, bronze dagger, blades & marble figuring. If you want to know what a marble figuring is, marble figuring is a like a small statue with the body of a human, flat face and folded arms. The second civilization in Greece bronze age lived on the Cyprus island.There are 3 main periods on the island of Cyprus. The first period of Cyprus is known as the early bronze age, it is that time that first writing text was appeared. The second period of Cyprus is in the middled bronze age, is the first time that the Greece people is arriving at that region and the first time having a commercial context with the people called minoans. The third period of Cyprus was also known as the late bronze age. Because the position of Cyprus island is in the middle of many civilization, the cyprus civilization can get many advantage because they can do many commercial contacts. The advantage they got is from the side of ideas, art and technology. Cyprus is also the hub for economies and intellectual in the mediterrian for the era of the late broze age. The third civilization is living in the island crete but the name of the civilization is the minoans This civilization got their civilization named minoans because of their mythical king name Minos. The crete or the minoans civilization is similar like the cyprus because it has 3 period. In the first period of the crete or minoans civilization, there is no outstanding role from the people. The middle crete or minoans, it is the first time we see the establishment of the palace civilization. The palace is used for the political, economical and social organization of the minoan people center around. The name of the palace that the archaeologic find out is knossos, mallia, phaistos and zakros. The last period of the minoan civilization is called the late minoans, it is when the time when the minoans had many contacts with the mediterrian. From the palace of the minoans, they reflect their ties to the sea. During the late minoan, the influence and power of respect from the minoan civilization grew that time during the late minoans. The term of the minoans use to describe a people with a great sea power is called thalassocracy.

5.2.2. Iron age: The iron age of Greece is also known as the Greece dark age, because there is this culture named mycenean collapse around 1100 BC, the cause of collapse is either being destroyed or abondoned. The mycenean culture fall then it begins a new Greece period named the archaic Greece period which started around 800 BC