EGYPT TIMELINE

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EGYPT TIMELINE by Mind Map: EGYPT TIMELINE

1. 4,500 - 3,100 BCE: The late Neolithic to the end of Pre-dynasty period

1.1. People's Tradition: People in Egypt in the Stone Age period, they hunt animals for food and use whatever they have in their surrounding to stay alive. They go from place to place in the Nile Valley for harvesting wild grasses, search for reeds to build baskets. Most of them usually pick berries or bird eggs to eat. They hunted wild cattle and turtles.

1.2. Egyptian Religion: People's religion in Mesopotamia is that they believe in Egyptian gods. Religion is so important for Egyptian people. Most people believes in god of sun ( Ra ).

1.3. Tools : 1. Scapers, is one of the original stone. It is used to butcher animals and clean meats from the hides. 2. Blades, if scrapers is to get into the meat then blades can go deeper even into the bone. But blades is harder to make than making scrapers. 3. Axes, is a powerful weapons, they are usually used to fight enemies or cutting trees. 4. Adzes, this tool is a woodworking tools. It is usually used to make canoes. This tool also used for cutting trees. 5. Hammers and Chisels, chisels is made of a sharp stone attached to a sturdy stick.

2. 9.600 Paleolithic Era

2.1. Paleolithic era is one of the earliest time at Egypt. Where they are close to water source for example The Nile. Paleolithic in Egypt, people there usually use woods to make things.

2.2. Tools: 1.Paleolithic (300.000-3.000) Hand axes/Rhenen. Hand axes is a large stone cobbles, hand axes are known to cut tools.

2.3. Religion: People in Paleolithic era believe in spirituals like gods and goddesses. Each of them believe in different gods and goddesses because they believe each gods and goddesses have different meanings.

2.4. People's tradition: In Paleolithic era usually people in that era use stones to make tools and to survive their lives.

3. 3.000 - 1200 BCE: Bronze Age

3.1. Religion/Believes

3.1.1. Burial Ritual: Egyptian people believes that people who has died will have another life that is called afterlife. they are buried with the objects they use daily.

3.1.2. The Divine Twins: Egyptian people concluded this as a god that has each two different powers and functions. These are the similarities that Egyptian people find from The Divine Twins: 1. They are male 2. They are the children from an important god, most known as the god of the sun. 3.They have relations with horses.

3.2. Traditions/culture

3.2.1. Benefits of Nile River: The Nile River prevent invasions that can destroy the civilisations of Mesopotamia.

3.2.2. Papyrus: Papyrus is discovered as a plant that are used to make papers, although it is not in a perfect shape but it is often beneficial to the Egyptians and it also make a new innovations for them.

3.3. Tools

3.3.1. Copper: axe, plate,

3.3.2. Bronze: arrowhead, knife, tweezers, ring, earing, vessel, amulates.

3.3.3. Gold: finger nails, bracelets, vase, mummy tongue cover, pendant.

3.3.4. electrum: nail guard, figurine.

3.3.5. silver: fly necklace, ring, bowl

4. 4000 - 3150 BCE : Chalcolithic

4.1. Chalcolithic age is known as a short period between Stone age and Bronze age. This era had the largest - scale of copper production. The transition between Bronze age to Chalcolithic age is full of emperimentation and innovation. In Chalcolithic age Egyptian people are very innovative in making different tools with bronze.

4.2. Social changes

4.2.1. People is very different from previous eras that in Chalcolithic era they use more metals, gold and bronze to innovate new things.