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Nayla_Y6A_ FA by Mind Map: Nayla_Y6A_ FA

1. Stone Age

1.1. The JAPANESE PALAEOLITHIC is a period generally thought to be dominated by big-game hunters, although there is little direct evidence for how these people lived. Everyone agrees that there is a Late Palaeolithic in Japan, dated from about 35,000 years ago to the advent of pottery technology 13,000 to 10,000 years ago. The evidence for humans in Japan before 35,000 years ago is quite controversial.

1.1.1. Palaelithicum/Almost as Jomon age

1.1.1.1. On December 28, 1997, They had written here that "advocates claim ages up to 600,000 years for the oldest sites" in Japan. But Japan's EARLY PALAEOLITHIC and MIDDLE PALAEOLITHIC claims imploded on Sunday, November 5, 2000, when Mainichi Shimbun newspaper revealed that it had caught FUJIMURA Shin'ichi planting artifacts on the Kamitakamori site.

1.1.1.1.1. After almost two years of re-excavation of some of the sites and re-examination of the artifacts from many of the sites associated with Fujimura, the Japanese Archaeological Association concluded that none of the Fujimura materials could be used for research purposes. This affected materials from 186 sites, 33 of them excavated. Since the exposure of the hoax, a few sites dated as old as 40,000-50,000 years have been put forward, and some earlier claims for "Early Palaeolithic" sites are being looked at again by some archaeologists.

1.1.2. Jōmon culture

1.1.2.1. 13000 BC to 300 BC: Jōmon culture, earliest major culture of prehistoric Japan, characterized by pottery decorated with cord-pattern (jōmon) impressions or reliefs. For some time there has been uncertainty about assigning dates to the Jōmon period, particularly to its onset. The earliest date given is about 10,500 BCE, which is described by scholars favouring it as the beginning of the Incipient Jōmon period that lasted until approximately 8000 BCE.

1.1.2.1.1. Others prefer a later start date, which may range between 7500 and 4500 BCE, depending on the interpretation of archaeological evidence. Most generally agree that the period ended about 300 BCE, coinciding approximately with the …(100 of 489 words)

2. What Does Prehistory means?

2.1. prehistory. Prehistory refers to the period of time before civilization and writing. We don't know a lot about prehistory. Since pre means "before," and history is the record of human events, prehistory refers to the time before human civilization developed and started writing things down. And technology of course hasn't been invent yet.

3. Metal Age

3.1. Yayoi culture. Yayoi culture, (c. 300 bce–c. 250 ce), prehistoric culture of Japan, subsequent to the Jōmon culture. Named after the district in Tokyo where its artifacts were first found in 1884, the culture arose on the southern Japanese island of Kyushu and spread northeastward toward the Kantō Plain.

3.1.1. Yayoi culture

3.1.1.1. 300 BC – 250 AD Yayoi culture, (c. 300 BCE–c. 250 CE/AD), prehistoric culture of Japan, subsequent to the Jōmon culture. Named after the district in Tokyo where its artifacts were first found in 1884, the culture arose on the southern Japanese island of Kyushu and spread northeastward toward the Kantō Plain.

3.1.1.1.1. The Yayoi people mastered bronze and iron casting. They wove hemp and lived in village communities of thatched-roofed, raised-floor houses. They employed a method of wet paddy rice cultivation, of Chinese origin, and continued the hunting and shell-gathering economy of the Jōmon culture.

3.1.2. Kofun culture:

3.1.2.1. 250 CE - 538 CE The Kofun Period takes its name from the large mound tombs (kofun) that characterize and define the period. This period sees the full development of the early Japanese state, and it is a time of close contacts with the continent, especially with the Korean kingdoms. In one sense,

3.1.2.1.1. the Kofun Period marks the end of Japanese prehistory -- it lacks any significant contemporary written records. But in another sense, the Kofun Period is the beginning of Japanese history -- for there are many records compiled just after the period closed, and these records are based on older, contemporary documents that were destroyed or on oral histories still circulating at that time. The Kofun Period is Japan's protohistoric period. Following the Yayoi Period of Japan when farming and metalworking techniques were introduced from mainland Asia was the Kofun Period (c. 250 CE - 538 CE) where the religion of Shinto emerges from the beliefs of previous eras and the Yamato Clan rise to power and eventually become the imperial family. The period is named after the style of burial mounds used during this time.

4. Japan's Ancient Tools

4.1. THE KATANA: JAPAN'S FAMOUS BLADES:

4.1.1. Japanese blacksmiths' method of repeatedly heating and folding the steel made a katana's sharpness and strength unique among the world's swords.

4.1.1.1. Strong enough to be used defensively but sharp enough to cut through limbs, the katana earned the reputation as the soul of the samurai – a reputation that lasted long after the samurai abandoned the sword for the pen.

4.2. GUNSEN, TESSEN, AND GUNBAI: FANS OF WAR

4.2.1. The subtle, but mighty fan could even defeat entire armies. Battlefield commanders carried fans as symbols of rank, but these large, solid "gunbai" also served as means of communication to deployed forces.

4.2.1.1. Visible from long distances, motioning the fan directed actions on the battlefield. Today sumo referees use gunbai to alert viewers to the victors in sumo matches.

4.3. TOOLS

4.3.1. Archaeologists Takashi Tamura and Sadakatsu Kunitake first found the stone tools in 2005 on the 1,795-meter mountain straddling Yaita and other municipalities.

4.3.1.1. The team collected 441 stone relics from valley cliffs around the ridges at about 1,400 meters. Of the pieces found, eight are judged to be trapezoid stone tools used by early humans to cut, poke or shave other items.

5. Extra Information:

5.1. Japan's Ancient Geography

5.1.1. Within my research, the conclusions are that 20% of Japan is flat lands. And that equals to 80% lands are not flat. And the climate there is based on the region they have,

5.2. Culture Spread

5.2.1. Instead Japan didn't wanted ot be influenced by other countries. So because of that they created their own culture to have. Japan went to Korea an China for Ideas, because China & Korea is the nearest country to them. Japan then took the influence and created the Japanese culture we know now!