Central Nervous System

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Central Nervous System by Mind Map: Central Nervous System

1. Memory Systems

1.1. Short-Term Memory

1.2. Long-Term Memory

1.3. Memory Recall & Reconsolidation

2. Neural Architecture

2.1. Left Hemisphere

2.1.1. Left Hemisphere perspective (explicit & disembodied) of itself and the whole complex system

2.2. Right Hemisphere

2.2.1. Right Hemisphere perspective (implicit & embodied) of itself and the whole complex system

2.3. Brain Stem/Spinal Cord

2.3.1. Arousal/Regulatory Systems (RDoC domain)

2.4. Hindbrain

2.4.1. Myelencephalon Medulla oblongata Medullary pyramids Olivary body Rostral ventrolateral medulla Caudal ventrolateral medulla Solitary nucleus Paramedian reticular nucleus Gigantocellular reticular nucleus Parafacial zone Respiratory center-Respiratory goups Gracile nucleus Perihypoglossal nuclei Area postrema Medullary cranial nerve nuclei

2.4.2. Metencephalon Pons Pontine nuclei Pontine cranial nerve nuclei Pontine tegmentum Parabrachial area Superior olivary complex Paramedian pontine reticular formation Parvocellular reticular nucleus Caudal pontine reticular nucleus Cerebellar peduncles Fourth Ventricle Cerebellum Cerebellar vermis Cerebellar hemispheres Cerebellar nuclei

2.5. Midbrain

2.5.1. Tectum Corpora quadrigemina inferior colliculi superior colliculi

2.5.2. Pretectum

2.5.3. Tegmentum Periaqueductal gray Rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus Midbrain reticular formation Dorsal raphe nucleus Red nucleus Ventral tegmental area Parabrachial pigmented nucleus Paranigral nucleus Rostromedial tegmental nucleus Caudal linear nucleus Rostral linear nucleus of the raphe Interfascicular nucleus Substantia nigra Pars compacta Pars reticulata Interpeduncular nucleus

2.5.4. Cerebral peduncle Crus cerebri

2.5.5. Mesencephalic cranial nerve nuclei Oculomotor nucleus (III) Edinger-Westphal nucleus Trochlear nucleus (IV)

2.5.6. Mesencephalic duct (cerebral aqueduct, aqueduct of Sylvius)

2.6. Forebrain

2.6.1. Diencephalon Epithalamus Pineal body Habenular nuclei Stria medullaris Taenia thalami Third Ventricle Submatongo organ Thalamus Anterior nuclear group Medial nuclear group Lateral nuclear group Ventral nuclear group Metathalamus Thalamic reticular nucleus Hypothalamus Anterior Tuberal Posterior Optic chiasm Subfornical organ Periventricular nucleus Pituitary stalk Tuber cinereum Tuberal region Mammillary bodies Mammillary nucleus Subthalamus Subthalamic nucleus Zona incerta Pituitary gland neurohypophysis Pars intermedia (Intermediate Lobe) adenohypophysis

2.6.2. Telencephalon White Matter Centrum semiovale Corona radiata Internal capsule External capsule Extreme capsule subcortical Hippocampus (Medial Temporal Lobe) Amygdala (limbic system) (limbic lobe) Extended amygdala Claustrum Basal ganglia Basal forebrain Rhinencephalon Olfactory bulb Olfactory tract Anterior olfactory nucleus Piriform cortex Anterior commissure Uncus Periamygdaloid cortex Cerebral cortex Frontal lobe Parietal lobe Occipital lobe Orbitofrontal cortex Temporal lobe Insular cortex Cingulate Cortex

3. Neurochemicals

4. Genetic Expression

5. Glial System


7. Negative Valence Systems (RDoC domain)

7.1. Acute Threat ("Fear")

7.2. Potential Threat ("Anxiety")

7.3. Sustained Threat

7.4. Loss

7.5. Frustrative Nonreward

8. Positive Valence Systems (RDoC domain)

8.1. Reward Responsiveness

8.2. Reward Learning

8.3. Reward Valuation

9. Systems for Social Processes

10. Default Mode Network

10.1. PFC

10.2. posterior cingulate

10.3. medial temporal lobe

10.4. angular gyrus.

11. Salience Network

11.1. anterior insula

11.2. dACC

11.3. sublenticular extended amygdala

11.4. putamen

11.5. dorsomedial thalamus

11.6. ventral striatum

11.7. substantia nigra/ventral tegmental area

11.8. von Economo neurons in the AI/dACC

11.9. Cortico-striatal-thalamic loop circuits

12. Task Positive Network (Central Executive Network)

12.1. dlPFC

12.2. lateral posterior parietal cortex

13. Cognitive Systems (RDoC)