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1. For E- mails Usage: This is a means of communication between the library and the users so that they can also receive overdue reminders .

2. Development of online resources for students

2.1. SOSHGIC use of Oliver and Britannica

3. It allows the employee to organise their working schedule in an individual way. Instead of being a fixed pattern to fit the organizations ‘normal’ hours am employee might choose to start work a little later in the morning and continue to work longer, or start to leave earlier.

4. Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) in Wrists and Hands Any repetitive movement (same movement over and over again) can result in a health problem called repetitive strain injury (RSI). In particular, typing and using a mouse for long periods are common causes of RSI in the wrist (it is often called carpal-tunnel syndrome).

4.1. This problem can be solved:

4.1.1. Use a wrist-rest to support the wrists while typing and when using the mouse.

4.1.2. Take regular breaks from typing or using the mouse.

5. Ways I.T Is Used In Libraries

5.1. For Library management softwares such as CDS/ISIS, GLAS, ALICE for Windows, X-Lib and SLAM

5.2. For Networking for various informations such as online databases, e-journals, e- books, government publications digitally through networked systems.

5.3. For Electronic Document Delivery since they may not rely anymore on postal services to send documents to users or carry out inter library lending. Information can be sent as PDF straight to users’ desktops instead.

5.4. For Online user education or tutorials by using the internet or CD –ROMS to educate their users or carry out information literacy programmes .

6. Effects Of Using I.T in Libraries

6.1. Librarians are challenged to “learn new skills to be able to implement the new technologies for learning, research and information for their patrons”. This could lead to an increased focus on learning and development within libraries, a shift in what is taught in Library & Information Science courses or perhaps simply an expectation of librarians to extend their professional development.

6.1.1. The number of working staff reduces especially when a computer based system is being used and little input is needed from labour.(cost saving)

6.2. Eye-Strain One health issue that can occur after using computers for a long time is eye-strain (tiredness of the eyes). This is caused by looking at a monitor which is a constant distance away. The muscles that focus your eyes do not move, and so get tired and painful. Eye-strain can also cause headaches.

6.2.1. This problem can be solved: Look away from the monitor at regular intervals – re-focus on distant or close objects to exercise the muscles in the eye. Take regular breaks. Use an anti-glare filter in front of the monitor to cut down on screen reflections that can also tire the eyes.

7. I.T Systems

7.1. Use of direct entry devices

7.1.1. Through bar-codes And barcode scanners

7.1.2. Contain information from published works

7.1.3. Radio Frequency Identification technology

7.2. Integrated library system

7.2.1. A library management system to track items owned,orders made ,bills paid and patrons who have borrowed

7.3. Library database

7.3.1. Provide citations Information

7.3.2. Borrowers are given library cards that have their details printed on them for quick and easy data input when borrowing books

7.3.3. Types of databases Book database Borrower database Loans database

8. Practical examples

8.1. Providing services to students

8.1.1. Textbooks,references ,fiction and non fiction books

8.2. Management

8.2.1. Use of softwares Athena GLAS OPAC

8.2.2. Library Automation software Client side HTML DHTML Adobe Photoshop macro media flash Server side JSP ASP Php.