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Memory by Mind Map: Memory

1. Storage

1.1. The retention of encoded material overtime

2. Retrieval

2.1. The process of getting the information out of memory storage

2.2. Recall

2.2.1. You must retrieve the information from your memory

2.2.1.1. Fill-in-the blank or essay tests

2.3. Recognition

2.3.1. You must identify the target form passible targets

2.3.1.1. Multiple-choice tests

2.4. Relearning

2.5. Retrieval Cues

2.5.1. Priming

2.5.1.1. To retrieve a specific memory from the web of associations, you must first activate one of the strands that leads to it. This process is called priming.

3. Working memory

3.1. A never understanding of short term

3.2. Memory that adds conscious active processing of incoming auditory and visual

4. Long term memory

4.1. The relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.

4.2. Include knowledge, skills, and experiences.

5. Short term memory

5.1. Activated memory that holds a few items briefly before the information is stored or forgotten

6. Encoding

6.1. The processing of information into the memory system

6.2. Unconscious encoding of very information such as space and time well learning

6.3. Parallel processing

6.3.1. The processing of many aspects of a problem at the same the brains natural made of information processing for many functions

6.4. Implicity memory

6.4.1. Retention of learned skills, or classically conditioned associations without conscious awareness

6.5. Explicit memory

6.5.1. Retention of facts and personal events your can consciously retrieve.

7. Memory storage

7.1. Parricidal memory

7.1.1. Memory of highly practiced skills

7.2. Explict memory

7.2.1. Memory of fact and events that can retrieval

7.3. Conditioned response

7.3.1. Binaural or emotions that occur automatically as reacions to outside events as a result at past associon tons.

8. Context-Dependent Memory

8.1. It helps to put yourself back in the same context you experienced (encoded) something.

8.2. If you study on your favorite chair at home, you will probably score higher if you also took the test on the chair.

9. Déjà Vu

9.1. That eerie sense that you have experienced something before.

9.2. What is occurring is that the current situation cues past experiences that are very similar to the present one, you mind gets confused.

10. Mood Congruent Memory

10.1. Tendency to recall experiences that are

11. Proactive interference

11.1. Occurs when you are being tested on NEW information and old information interferes proper retrieval.

11.2. I know this seems reversed. To get this correct you must first ask yourself... "What is being tested?"

11.3. If the answer is NEW information the term you use is PROactive INterference

11.4. Psychologists have found that recall of later items can be improved by making them distinctive from early items.

12. Amnesia

12.1. Anterograde Amnesia - you can recall the past but cannot form new memories

12.1.1. However H.M. and Jimmie could recall things they've learned through automative processing.

12.1.2. Most common for a short period of learning

12.2. Retrograde Amnesia is when you can't recall past memories stored in LTM

13. Retroactive INterference

14. Retro-active Interference

14.1. Occurs when you are being tested on old information and new information

15. Memory is a construct

15.1. When we remember something, we're taking bits and pieces of experience - sometimes from different times and places - and bringing it all together to construct what might feel like a recollection but is actually a construction.

15.2. The process of calling it into conscious awareness can change it.

16. Eyewitness testimony

16.1. Shown to be unreliable

16.2. People's recall for events may be influenced by what they heard or constructed after the incident

16.3. Memory is reconstructed

16.4. Study after study has shown that there is no correlation between the subjective feeling of certainty on has about a memory, and the memory's accuracy

17. Autobiographical memory

17.1. Recollection of events in our life

17.2. More recent events are easier to recall

17.3. Hypethethymesia condition of possessing an extremely detailed autobiographical memory.

18. Eidetic Memory