Signs, Objects, Meaning

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Signs, Objects, Meaning by Mind Map: Signs, Objects, Meaning

1. Object and Meaning (Edmund Husserl)

1.1. Meaningful

1.1.1. Names/Signs acting as a descriptive identifying property

1.1.1.1. Right-angled triangle

1.2. Meaningless

1.2.1. Names/Signs designating an object

1.2.1.1. Socrates

2. Thoery of Signs (Jacques Derrida)

2.1. Structuralist Theory

2.1.1. Sign always refers to the Object

2.1.2. Man is shaped by psychology, sociology & linguistics

2.1.3. Underlying structure in the Medium

2.2. Poststructuralism

2.2.1. Cultural bias in studying the structure of the medium

2.2.2. To understand the meaning(s) of the object/sign/medium, one must study not only the object itself, but also the architecture of knowledge which produced the object.

2.2.2.1. Illusions of fixed system of representation

2.2.3. "continually breaking apart and re-attaching in new combinations"

2.2.3.1. Remix Culture

2.2.3.2. Fragmentation

2.3. Deconstruction

2.3.1. Post-Modernism

2.3.1.1. Collage/Montage

2.3.1.1.1. "primary form of post-modern communication"

2.3.2. Opposition/duality

2.3.2.1. Good V Evil

2.3.2.2. Mind V Matter

2.3.2.3. Oral V Textual

2.3.2.4. Textual V Audio/Visual

2.3.2.5. Audio/Visual V ?(Multi-sensory)

2.3.3. Hierarchical Structure

2.3.4. Multiple Meaning in Text

2.3.4.1. Multiplicity

2.3.4.1.1. Does Multiplicity beget Nihilism?

2.3.4.2. Meaning is unsettled

2.3.5. We cannot step outside the text to find an objective meaning/truth

2.3.6. The cyclical nature of origin & manifestation/ object & meaning

2.3.7. Writers use words on the basis of all the other texts and words they've encountered

2.3.7.1. Readers do the same

3. Thw Meaning of Words (Plato)

3.1. "Man is the measure if all things" - Protagoras

3.1.1. Phenomenalism

3.1.1.1. Sensory Stimuli

3.1.1.2. Objects exist only as 'perceptual phenomena'

3.1.1.2.1. "Bundles of sense-data"

3.1.1.3. Subjective Idealism/ Immaterialism - George Berkeley

3.1.1.3.1. Objects existing when not being perceived

3.1.1.3.2. "To be is to be perceived"

3.1.1.3.3. Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius - Jorge Luis Borges

3.1.2. Solipsism

3.1.2.1. One can only be sure that there own mind exists

3.1.2.2. Problem of other minds - John Stuart Hill

3.1.3. Subjective truth

3.1.4. Objective Truth

3.2. Linguistic legislator

3.2.1. Knowledge of the true name of things

3.2.2. The "correctness" of names

3.2.2.1. "Metalworkers might make the same instruments, but not of the same iron."

3.2.2.1.1. World Languages

3.3. The essence of a name

3.3.1. Wrong way to use an instrument - wrong way to use words?

3.3.2. Given by nature

3.3.3. Convention