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Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives
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Theoretical Perspectives

Nativist

This theory promoted by linguist Noam Chomsky emphasizes the innate capabilities of people. The theory states that humans have an inborn mechanism called an (LAD) language acquisition device. This device allows people to acquire the symantics of their native language. The theory also states that this is a universal phenomenon because all people's develop a language.

Chomsky

symantic knowledge

Activity

Read the Lion and the Mouse by Jerry Pinkney to toddlers. This is a picture book with no words so the story can be adapted for many different developmental levels. The book also encourages coversation and participation of the child. Talk about the pictures and have them draw a picture of what they read.  

Nature

Interactionist

Vygotsky believed that children learn language through social interaction in the society in which they live. They acquire language out of a need to function in society and so they learn the many different ways in which to communicate within it. This theory focuses on the child's development of pragmatic knowledge.

Vygotsky

pragmatic knowledge

Activity

Play Post Office with children. Have them be different people in the scenario; the postmaster, customer. Have them ask for postage, stamps, their mail, or drop off mail. This way they learn the back and forth of the situation. Assist them as needed in their endeavour through scaffolding.

Nurture

Cognitive Developmental

The Cognitive Developmental perspective promoted by Jean Piaget says that children must be at the right cognitive level for language to develop. Piaget's theory follows the theory that when cognitively ready children develop concepts about objects. The focus is on the semantic and morphemic development of language through these concept formations.

Piaget

semantic, morphemic

Activity

Provide infants with the chance to learn object permanence by playing find the toy with them. Talk to them while playing about the object and it's traits and praise them when they find it.  

Nature

Behaviorist

B.F. Skinner's Behavorist theory posits the belief that children are a blank slate and learning occurs through stimulation of the child's environment. They learn semantic, syntactic, and morphemic knowledge by associations with the people and objects around them.

Skinner

semantic, syntactic, morphemic

Activity

Play Itsy Bitsy Spider with toddler while doing the finger play movements. The repetitive nature helps with the child's abiblity to remember the structure and the movements add a concrete area to focus on.

Nurture

Internet link - http://www.mindmeister.com/120786914/theoretical-perspectives