"MODALS VERBS"

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"MODALS VERBS" by Mind Map: "MODALS VERBS"

1. What are modal verbs? Modal verbs help us to give the opportunity of possibility. We can also use modal verbs to ask for permissions, talk about skills, make requests and offers and much more.

2. CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, SHALL, WILL, MUST, HAVE TO, SHOULD, WOULD, OUGHT TO.

3. Let's learn to use "may" and "might" "May" and "might" are very similar. However we can say that "may" has at least 3 main uses. We can use "may" to: Talk about possibilities in the future It may rain soon. He may be the winner. Ask and give permission. May I eat in? You may start the test. Express a wish May she rest in peace. May your wishes come true. We can never get "may" with "not". The word "mayn't" does not exist. To give a negative answer, we only want to use the adverb "not" after "may". Let's see an example. May I ask a few questions? Yes, you may. No, you may not. Some traditionalists say that we should use "may" for present tense and "might" for past tense. She may be going crazy. (present) She might have known the answer. (past) However, according to the Oxford dictionary, this distinction is rarely made today. "May" and "might" can be used in the present and the past interchangeably when we talk about possibilities. Like "may", we also use "might" to ask and give permission in an educated manner. Note the difference between "can", "may" and "might" in these sentences. Might I borrow your pen? (very polite and formal) May I borrow your pen? (cuts) Can I borrow your pen? (less polite)

4. Let's learn to use "shall" and "will" Let's start by clarifying that "shall" and "will" can be used to talk about the future interchangeably today. It was not always like that. There are some rules in the grammar of "British English" that we should all know although the current general opinion is to use both words indistinctly. The rules are the following. We will use "shall" with the pronouns "I" and "we". I shall finish the project today. We shall be in Canada tomorrow. We will use "will" with the pronouns "you", "he", "she", "it", "they". When will you leave? I will call soon. She will eat early tonight. It will bark any moment. They will go to school today. To express strong determination, we will reverse the previous rule. I understand you! It can be a bit confusing. We will use "will" with the pronouns "I" and "we" to express a strong determination. I will complete this task today! We will do a great job! We will use "shall" with "you", "he", "she", "it", "they" to express a strong determination or obligation. You shall not leave your room! We can use "shall" to make suggestions or ask for advice. Shall we dance? Shall we visit your parents today?

5. Let's learn to use "must" and "have to" We will use "must" and "have to" to indicate obligation or prohibition. There is a small difference in the use of "must" and "have to". Obligation When the obligation is imposed on us, we want to use "have to". It is law and we can not change things. I have to wear a uniform. When the speaker imposes the obligation, we can use "must". You must show your ID. Prohibition To express a prohibition, we can use the negative form of these verbs. Note that the semimodal "have to" needs the word "do not" to form its negative form. You do not have to wear a tie. I must not arrive home late. When asking questions with "have to", we want to use the auxiliary "do" or "does". It is much more common to ask questions with "have to" than with "must". Do you have to go to work? Does she have to leave? Do they have to pay the fee?

6. Let's learn to use "should" and "ought to" The verbs "should" and "ought to" are usually translated as "should" in Spanish. "Should" and "ought to" have at least 3 different main uses. We can use it to: Give advice They should see that movie. (cuts) They ought to see that movie. (more cuts) Talk about something likely The bus should be here soon. (cuts) The bus ought to be here soon. (more cuts) Ask for a suggestion Where should we meet? (cuts) Where ought we to meet? (more cuts)

7. Let's learn to use "would" The verb "would" helps us to form the conditional in Spanish. It gives us the ending "ía" of the verbs. Look at the following examples. I would talk. You would work. I would go. The verb "would" has at least 3 different uses. We can use it to express the following. One condition I would not do that If I were you. If I were rich, I would travel a lot. A desire I would love to visit Asia. I would like to eat some sushi. A courteous request Would you come with me to France? Would you explain that again, please?

8. Learn to use "can" and "could" The uses of the verbs "can" and "could" are very similar. "Can" and "could" have at least 3 main uses. Ability I can speak Italian. (I presented) I could speak Italian when I was young. (past) Permission Can I use the phone? (informal) Could I use the phone? (cuts) Request Can you open the window? (informal) Could you open the window? (cuts) Possibility It can get very cold. (I presented) They could be right. (past) Do you remember that I was telling you about a very common mistake that many English students make when using modal verbs in English? For many add the particle "to" to sentences when they use the verb "can" or "could". I can to play soccer. (incorrect) I can play soccer. (Right) Learn to use "can" and "could" The uses of the verbs "can" and "could" are very similar. "Can" and "could" have at least 3 main uses. Ability I can speak Italian. (I presented) I could speak Italian when I was young. (past) Permission Can I use the phone? (informal) Could I use the phone? (cuts) Request Can you open the window? (informal) Could you open the window? (cuts) Possibility It can get very cold. (I presented) They could be right. (past) Do you remember that I was telling you about a very common mistake that many English students make when using modal verbs in English? For many add the particle "to" to sentences when they use the verb "can" or "could". I can to play soccer. (incorrect) I can play soccer. (Right)

9. Así se usan MAY, MIGHT, CAN, COULD y BE ABLE TO en inglés - Muy fácil