Washington's Presidency

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Washington's Presidency by Mind Map: Washington's Presidency

1. Republican Motherboard

2. Settling the National Debt

2.1. More than 25 Million dollars was owed by the US to foreign countries.

2.2. Alexander Hamilton wanted to pay the debt off immediately and gradually repay the total value of the bonds.6

3. Moving the Capital

3.1. Alexander Hamilton knew he had bargaining power.

3.2. The capital was originally in New York, but was moved to Philadelphia. This is because it would please the southern states who thought that the north had to much power with he capital being in the north. Eventually it was decided to be moved to Washington DC

4. The First Cabinet

5. Made up of members, who informed Washington on political matters. They had debates with each other and eventually cabinet meetings

5.1. The original 5 members were Henry Knox (secretary of war) Thomas Jefferson (secretary of state) Edmund Randolph (attorney general) Alexander Hamilton (secretary of the treasury) and George Washington (president)

6. Jefferson vs. Hamilton

6.1. Jefferson and Hamilton had disputes over the authority of the central government. Jefferson wanted to protect the power of the states, and Hamilton wanted . strong government, and did not have much faith in the individuals.

6.2. They also argued over how the economy of the country should grow. Hamilton wanted new forms of economic growth. He also wanted to institute higher tariffs. This meant that the tax on foreign goods would be higher, and the citizens would want to buy goods from the US more.

6.2.1. Jefferson believed that farmers were the most independent voters, because there work was not effected by other's work. He wanted to make sure the goods that they bought were cheap, so he wanted to lower tariffs.

7. A National Bank

7.1. Hamiltons and Jeffersons differences became more and more public in early 1791

7.2. Hamilton wanted to start a national bank where the government could safely deposit its money

7.2.1. Hamilton believed in loose construction of the Constitution

8. Why Many Opposed the Bank

8.1. Both Jefferson and Madison believed that Hamiltons plans for the economy gave too much power to the federal government. THEIR PLAN WAS TO GIVE CONGRESS THE POWER TO MAKE ALL LAWS WHICH SHALL BE NECESSARY AND PROPER TO GOVERN THE NATION

9. Remaining Neutral

9.1. After the French revolution, the French went to war with Great Britain. In the U.S. some of the citizens backed the French, and some backed the British. Some also decided to take neither side and remained neutral.

9.2. Washington passed a proclamation to remain neutral in any European wars. Many people criticized this however. The French representative in the U.S. Edmond Genet asked for American privateers, but Washington, and Jefferson, knew this was a bad idea. Jefferson wanted to back the french, but Hamilton wanted to back the British.

10. Jay's Treaty

10.1. Jay's Treaty was signed in the early 1790s to settle some disputes that had appeared between the US and and Great Britain

10.2. The treaty made the British pay for all of the forts and property that they have seized and surrender it back to the US.

10.3. In return, the US said that they would pay all the debts they owed to the British.

11. Pinckney's Treaty

11.1. The Spanish started to dispute the border between the US and Florida

11.2. This seriously hurt the economy of the US because it closed a lot of major trade routes

11.3. Pinckney's Treaty was signed by the US President and the Prime Minister of Spain to settle border and trade disputes between the two countries.

11.4. Americans believe it was a successful compromise

12. Conflicts with Native Americans

12.1. As Americans began to settle in the southern area, they ran into many troubles with Native American tribes. Little Turtle, a chief, took down many U.S. forces. After a defeat, the British stopped aiding the Natives. Little Turtle then realized that they were outmatched and tried to seek peace. Then, at the battle of fallen timber, the Natives were defeated and the strength of the Natives in the area was weakened greatly.

13. Farewell Address

13.1. Washington decided not to run for a third term because he was getting tired of all of the publicity. His decision to run for only two terms set an example for the presidents who are elected in the future. He wrote his farewell address to talk about what he believed were the greatest dangers the the U.S.

14. The Whiskey Rebellion

14.1. Congress passed a tax on American made whiskey in march of 1791

14.2. The Western part of the US was very mad.

15. The Whiskey Rebellion

15.1. Farmers/whiskey makers got very mad when the tax on whiskey was created. They started protesting, and sabotaging the tax collectors. Washington realized this was a problem that needed to be solved. He sent some 13,000 troops to stop the trouble, and it worked but was complete overkill.

16. The Farewell address

16.1. Washington served 2 terms. In the letter he stated what is needed to run a government well, such as foreign relations.