## 1. Formative

### 1.1. Definition: Formative assessments can be used to gauge student learning, give and receive feedback, and use the information to adjust instruction strategies for a higher student success rate.

1.1.1. Example 1: Think-Pair-Share Instructor poses a questions, students write down their answer and thoughts, pairs up with a classmate, and share/discuss answers and thoughts.

1.1.2. Example 2: Exit Tickets Students are given a slip of paper with a prompt that requires students to reflect or ask questions about the lesson.

## 2. Interim/ Benchmark

### 2.1. Definition: Benchmarks are used to determine where students are with their learning compared to the district, and making sure they are on track and where they need to be.

2.1.1. Example 1: Common Assessment A test given to students throughout the district to measure and compare.

2.1.2. Example 2: STAAR Test This test is given towards the end of each year. It is used to gauge student learning relative to content state standards. It is also used to hold schools accountable.

## 3. Summative

### 3.1. Definition: Summative assessments are given to measure the progress/ learning of a student throughout a unit or year.

3.1.1. Example 1: End of Unit Test A test is given to students that covers the information presented from a single unit. This is used to measure student learning from a unit.

3.1.2. Example 2: Final Exams A test given to students at the end of a semester or year that covers all content presented throughout.

## 4. Diagnostic

### 4.1. Definition: A type of pre-assessment to assess where students are with their knowledge of a new unit, prior to teaching the content. This is great for helping teachers identify class strengths and weaknesses in a certain unit.

4.1.1. Example 1: KWL Charts This is a graphic organizer used to determine what students Know, Want to know, and Learn about the given topic.

4.1.2. Example 2: Initial Writing Prompts Students respond with a written short answer to a prompt given by the teacher about the upcoming unit.

## 5. Performance

### 5.1. Definition: A performance assessment requires a student to perform a task, rather than answering questions.

5.1.1. Example 1: Student Teaching Observation Teacher Candidates are required to present a lesson to his/her placement class, while their instructor to assess their learning.

5.1.2. Example 2: Act It Out Students are required to act out a scene from a story/play in order to retell the story and demonstrate their comprehension.

## 6. H.O.T. Questions

### 6.1. Opening

6.1.1. What strategy would you use to solve this math problem?

6.1.2. Explain why you think that would be the best strategy to use?

### 6.2. Guiding

6.2.1. Can you explain what you've done so far?

6.2.2. Can you draw a picture to prove and explain your thinking?

### 6.3. Closing

6.3.1. Can you summarize what I just said about addition?

6.3.2. How can we connect this to our everyday lives?