FROM TOPIC TO TASK: Listing, sorting, classifiyng

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FROM TOPIC TO TASK: Listing, sorting, classifiyng by Mind Map: FROM TOPIC TO TASK: Listing, sorting, classifiyng

1. SELECTING TOPICS

1.1. Sources of topics

1.1.1. - English textbooks - School curriculum (geography, history, or current affairs) - Topical or seasonal interest - Casual conversation (in coffee breaks, with host family, in bars or clubs) - Outside classroom (meeting with foreigners, email pen friends, chat web based sites)

1.2. Tasks generated from a topic

1.2.1. - Listing - Ordering and sorting - Matching - Comparing - Problem solving - Sharing personal experience - Projects and creative tasks

2. TASKS INVOLVING LISTING

2.1. brainstorming

2.2. fact-finding

2.3. games

2.4. tasks for beginners

2.5. evaluating tasks

2.6. priming and post-task

2.7. summary

3. VISUAL SUPPPORTS

3.1. charts and table

3.1.1. - Give sustained support through several task cycles - Help learners to focus on relevant information when doing listening tasks - Help learners to think of what aspects of the topic to talk or write about, and how to organize information coherently. - begin with general information and go on to the more specific.

3.2. mindmaps

3.2.1. - Have the same advantages as charts but more open, flexible, and can be added to more easily. - Make a good teacher – led task in itself.

3.3. time lines

3.3.1. - Can simple be made from a long piece of thick string or washing line running along one wall of the classroom. - The example: A history of school/ college.

3.4. story lines

3.4.1. - Often drawn on a poster or wide piece of card. - involves deciding what to include and how to draw. - at the end, there is a concrete outcome- something to show to others.

4. TASK INVOLVING ORDERING AND SORTING

4.1. sequncing

4.2. rank ordering

4.3. classifying

4.4. games