Sunni and Shia methods of alms giving

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Sunni and Shia methods of alms giving by Mind Map: Sunni and Shia methods of alms giving

1. Zakah

1.1. "And remember We took a covenant from the Children of Israel (to this effect): Worship none but Allah. treat with kindness your parents and kindred, and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and practice regular charity. Then did ye turn back, except a few among you, and ye backslide (even now)." -Surah 2:83.

1.1.1. Is an obligatory tax specifically on silver and gold coins, cows, sheep, goats and camels and on wheat, barley, dates and raisins

1.1.2. To test rich and provide for the poor, and that if people payed their Zakah, no one would be poor any longer

2. Khums

2.1. They ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war. Say: "(such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Messenger: So fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves: Obey Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe." — Quran 8:1

2.1.1. Khums is a particular Shia act the poor don’t receive as much as they would if all Muslims paid it

2.1.2. 20 per cent tax upon annual surplus income

3. Sadaqah

3.1. "And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship)."

3.1.1. Sadaqah means to give alms and also legal alms for which the word zakat is used in the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad

3.2. "They ask thee what they should spend (In charity). Say: Whatever ye spend that is good, is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers. And whatever ye do that is good, -Allah knoweth it well."

3.2.1. Literally means 'righteousness' and refers to the voluntary giving of alms or charity

4. Sadaqah differences from Zakah

4.1. The word is interchangeably used with Zakah in some contexts, but while zakah is obligatory, Sadaqah usually refers to voluntary donations.

4.2. Zakah is a required minimum contribution by Muslims in terms of money and property or goods that can help the muslims who mostly need assistance, while Sadaqah can be in forms of money, deeds, property or salutations.