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Fracture by Mind Map: Fracture

1. Include 2 cortex of bone And soft tissue

2. Complete

3. Incomplete

3.1. Green stick

3.2. Fissured

3.3. Deferred

3.4. Splintered

3.5. Star

4. Depend on:

4.1. Type of fracture

4.2. Species

4.3. Amount of soft tissue affected

4.4. Delay of treatment

4.5. Docility of animal

4.6. Facilities of treatment

5. Its cuses

5.1. Intrinsic factors

5.1.1. Bone disease

5.1.2. Dietary imbalance

5.1.3. In-coordinate movement, excessive muscle contraction

5.2. Hormonal imbalance

5.3. Extrinsic factors

5.3.1. Direct trauma

5.3.2. Indirect trauma

6. Classified acc to:

6.1. Degree of fracture

6.1.1. Simple

6.1.1.1. Fracture to bone But skin intact

6.1.2. Compound

6.1.2.1. Fractured bone penetrate skin

6.1.3. Complicated

6.1.3.1. Fractured bone penetrate vital organs

6.2. Number of fraction lines

6.2.1. Commuted

6.2.2. Simple

6.2.3. Segmental

6.3. Direction of fraction line

6.3.1. Transverse

6.3.2. Oblique

6.3.3. Spiral

6.3.4. Longitudinal as in 3rd phalanax

6.4. Location of fracture

6.4.1. Metaphyseal

6.4.2. Diphyseal

6.4.3. Epiphyseal

6.4.4. Physeal

6.4.4.1. 5 types

6.4.4.1.1. Include physis only

6.4.4.1.2. Include physis + distal diphysis

6.4.4.1.3. Physis + epiphysis

6.4.4.1.4. Physis + epiphysis + distal diaphysis

6.4.4.1.5. Physis but not visible radiologically

6.5. Displacement and part of bone involved

6.5.1. Transverse

6.5.2. Longtudinal

6.5.3. Overlapping

6.5.4. Avulsed

6.5.5. Compressed

6.5.6. Impacted

6.5.7. Angular

6.6. Stability

6.6.1. Stable

6.6.2. Instable

7. classification

8. Clinical signs

8.1. Abnormal morbility

8.2. Local swelling

8.2.1. Crepitation

8.3. Deformity

8.4. Local tenderness

9. General clinical finding

9.1. Fever

9.2. Anemia

9.3. Shock

9.4. Paralysis

9.5. Gangarene

9.6. Hemothorax

9.7. Rupture of UB

10. Diagnosis

10.1. Case history =causes

10.2. Clinical signs

10.3. Radiograph examination

10.3.1. Lateral

10.3.2. Enterioposterior view

10.3.3. Oblique view

11. Prognosis