DEPRESSION

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DEPRESSION by Mind Map: DEPRESSION

1. WHAT IS DEPRESSION ?

1.1. sadness, feeling down, having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily life that persist and affect life substantially.

2. TYPES OF DEPRESSION

2.1. 1. Unipolar and bipolar depression

2.1.1. Unipolar Depression -depressed mood only

2.1.2. Bipolar Depression -manic and depressive period seperated by normal episodes

2.2. 2. Major depressive disorder with psychotic features

2.2.1. Depression with psychosis (delusion)

2.3. 3. Postpartum depression

2.3.1. Depression that occurs after birth labour

2.4. 4. Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern

2.4.1. Related to the reduced daylight of winter

3. SIGN & SYMPTOMS

3.1. 1. Depressed mood

3.2. 2. Unintentional weight loss / low appetite

3.3. 3. Insomnia / Hypersomnia

3.4. 4. Feelings of worthless or guilt

4. RISK FACTOR

4.1. 1. Life event

4.1.1. bereavement, divorce, work issues, relationships with friends and family, financial problems, medical concerns, or acute stress.

4.2. 2. Personality

4.2.1. Those with less successful coping strategies, or previous life trauma are more suceptible.

4.3. 3. Genetic Factors

4.3.1. Having a first-degree relatives with depression increases the risk.

4.4. 4. Abuse of recreational drugs

4.4.1. Abuse of alcohol, amphetamines, and other drugs are strongly linked to depression.

5. TREATMENT

5.1. 1. Phsychotheraphy

5.1.1. a. Cognitive Behavioral Theraphy (CBT)

5.1.2. b. Problem solving treatment

5.2. 2. Drug Treatment (antidepressant)

5.2.1. a. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

5.2.2. b. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

5.2.3. c. Tricyclic antidepressants

5.2.4. d. Atypical antidepressants

5.2.5. e. Selective serotonin

5.2.6. f. Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI)

5.3. 3. Support

5.3.1. a. Discussing practical solutions and contributing stress.

6. CAUSES

6.1. 1. Genetics

6.2. 2. Biological (changes in neurotransmitter levels)

6.3. 3. Environment

6.4. 4. Phsycological and social (phsycosocial)