Heart of Atlanta Motel v.United States 379 U.S. 241

Module 2 Assignment

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Heart of Atlanta Motel v.United States 379 U.S. 241 by Mind Map: Heart of Atlanta Motel v.United States 379 U.S. 241

1. Facts

1.1. Parties

1.1.1. Moreton Rolleston

1.1.2. Congress (United States)

1.2. What Happend

1.2.1. Moreton Rolleston filed suit that his rights were being violated

1.3. Procedural History

1.3.1. Warren Court

1.3.2. Appealed to Supreme Court

1.3.3. Argued October 5th, 1964

1.3.4. Decided December 14th, 1964

2. Issue

2.1. Heart of Atlanta wanted the ability to refuse black customers but was required to by the Civil Rights Act under Commerce Clause

2.2. By passing Title II in the Civil Rights Act did Congress overstep their powers?

3. Rule of Law

3.1. Interstate Commerce Clause

3.2. Civil Rights Act (1964)

3.3. Fifth Amendment

3.4. Thirteenth Amendment

4. Analysis

4.1. Plaintiff

4.1.1. Fifth Amendment is violated via due process and just compensation

4.1.2. Thirteenth Amendment is violated via involuntary servitude

4.2. Defendant

4.2.1. Civil Rights Act makes Plaintiff need to accept black customers

4.3. Court

4.3.1. Commerce Clause extends the Civil Rights Act and allows the US to ensure that the Plaintiff not discriminate

5. Conclusion

5.1. Supreme Court decides that Plaintiff's Fifth and Thirteenth Amendment rights were not violated and that the Heart of Atlanta Motel must accept black customers under the interstate commerce clause

6. Impact

6.1. Cited by MANY subsequent civil rights cases

6.1.1. See below for full list under cite tab https://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/379/241

7. Importance

7.1. Businesses must understand that their operations will be in violation with US law if it were to discriminate against any races

8. Influence

8.1. Ensures that black Americans are not discriminated against due to their race

8.2. Moved the US a step further along the racial civil rights movement