Formative and Summative Assessments

Differences and similarities between formative and summative assessments.

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Formative and Summative Assessments by Mind Map: Formative and Summative Assessments

1. Summative Assessments

1.1. purpose: to EVALUATE student learning

1.2. compare student work to a standard or benchmark

1.3. high stakes

1.4. Midterm exam

1.5. final project

1.6. paper

1.7. senior recital

1.8. standardized test

1.9. final exam

1.10. entrance exam

1.11. exhibition

1.12. portfolio

2. Formative Assessments

2.1. purpose: to encourage student growth (monitor student learning to provide feedback and improve teaching and learning)

2.2. helps students to identify their strengths and weaknesses and target areas that need work

2.3. helps teachers recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately

2.4. FEEDBACK - very important part of formative assessments

2.5. Concept maps

2.6. observation

2.7. interview

2.8. performance tasks

2.9. journals

2.10. self- and peer-evaluation

2.11. anecdotal records

2.12. quizzes and essays

2.13. diagnostic tests

2.14. lab reports

2.15. learning logs

2.16. minute paper

2.17. graphic organizers

2.18. exit cards