Reconstruction

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Reconstruction by Mind Map: Reconstruction

1. The 10% Plan

1.1. a plan implemented by Abraham Lincoln issued on December 8, 1863

1.2. formally the Proclamation of Amnesty

1.3. the goal was to reunify the North and South

1.4. specified that a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters swore an oath of allegiance to the Union.

2. Johnson's Plan

2.1. A plan implemented in 1865 by President Andrew Johnson

2.2. the plan was supposed to give the white southerners a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom

2.3. did not let African Americans have a role in politics

2.4. the plan was a failure because southern states were implementing laws which severely restricted the rights of African Americans

3. Radical Republican Plan

3.1. This was a plan created by Radical Republicans

3.1.1. The Radical Republicans believed blacks were entitled to the same political rights and opportunities as whites. They also believed that the Confederate leaders should be punished for their roles in the Civil War.

3.2. This plan had three main factors:

3.3. Revenge - a desire among some to punish the South for causing the war

3.4. Concern for the freedmen - some believed that the federal government had a role to play in the transition of freedmen from slavery to freedom

3.5. Political concerns — the Radicals wanted to keep the Republican Party in power in both the North and the South.

4. Amendments

4.1. The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime

4.2. The 14th amendment defines what it means to be a US citizen and protects certain rights of the people.

4.3. granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."