Naming Compounds

Naming Compounds

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Naming Compounds by Mind Map: Naming Compounds

1. There's a metal in the compound

1.1. the metal is a transition metal

1.1.1. count the different elements

1.1.1.1. 2 elements (transition metal/ nonmetal): Ionic Binary

1.1.1.1.1. 1. Name transition metal first 2. Determine charge of transition metal and write as Roman Numeral after name 3. Name nonmetal second and change ending to "-ide"

1.1.1.2. 3 or more elements (transition metal/poly ion): Ionic Ternary

1.1.1.2.1. 1. Name transition metal first 2. Determine charge of transition metal and write as Roman Numeral after name 3. Name polyatomic ion second DO NOT CHANGE ENDING TO "-ide"

1.2. the metal is not a transition metal

1.2.1. count the different elements

1.2.1.1. 2 elements (metal/nonmetal): Ionic Binary

1.2.1.1.1. 1. Name metal first 2. Name nonmetal second and change ending to "-ide"

1.2.1.2. 3 or more elements (metal/poly ion): Ionic Ternary

1.2.1.2.1. 1. Name metal first 2. Name polyatomic ion second DO NOT CHANGE ENDING TO "-ide"

2. There's no metal in the compound

2.1. the first element is Hydrogen

2.1.1. ACID

2.1.1.1. 1. H + element Hydro + root anion + -ic acid 2. H + polyatomic ion * Poly ion ending in -ate Root anion + -ic acid * Poly ion ending in -ite Root anion + -ous acid Root anion = 1st part of polyatomic ion name or element

2.2. the first element is not Hydrogen

2.2.1. count the different elements

2.2.1.1. 1 element: Diatomic molecule

2.2.1.1.1. Br(sub)2 I(sub)2 N(sub)2 Cl(sub)2 H(sub)2 O(sub)2 F(sub)2 * Name the element

2.2.1.2. 2 elements: Covalent binary

2.2.1.2.1. 1. Name first element using prefixes (except "mono-") -prefixes indicate how many of each element is in the compound 2. Name second element using prefixes (including "mono-") 3. Change ending to "-ide"