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Torts by Mind Map: Torts

1. Intentional torts

1.1. Prima facie case

1.1.1. Act by D

1.1.2. Intent

1.1.2.1. Don't have to be specific. i.e. intentionally push and break P's arm, there's intent.

1.1.2.2. Transferred intent (limitation: btwn assult, battery.... etc)

1.1.2.3. There's no "incapability" defense

1.1.3. Causation

1.1.3.1. "Substantial factor"

1.2. Intentional tort to the person

1.2.1. Battery

1.2.1.1. Harmful or offensive contact

1.2.1.1.1. Direct or indirect

1.2.1.1.2. "offensive" if not permitted to

1.2.1.2. To P's person

1.2.1.2.1. includes everything he's holding

1.2.1.3. No damage required

1.2.2. Assult

1.2.2.1. Reasonable apprehension

1.2.2.1.1. Knowledge of D's act

1.2.2.1.2. Words alone not sufficient, but can negate it

1.2.2.2. Immediate harmful or offensive contact

1.2.3. False imprisonment

1.2.3.1. know of or harm by it

1.2.3.2. No damage required

1.2.4. Intentional infliction of emotional distress

1.2.4.1. Extreme and outrageous conduct

1.2.4.1.1. + Continuous; P; D

1.2.4.2. Intent or Recklessness

1.2.4.3. Actual Damage

1.2.4.4. Causation

1.2.4.4.1. bystander (Present; Close relative; D knew the 2)

1.3. Intentional Tort to property

1.3.1. Trespass to land

1.3.1.1. Physical invasion (tangible)

1.3.1.2. No requirement of damages

1.3.2. Trespass to Chattels

1.3.2.1. Interferes with P's right of possession - Damage / Steal

1.3.2.2. Intent - Mistaken belief that he owns the chattel is no defense

1.3.2.3. Damage - can be to the possession right

1.3.3. Conversion

1.3.3.1. Damage serious enough that D pays the full value

1.4. Defense

1.4.1. Consent

1.4.1.1. Express consent

1.4.1.2. Implied consent

1.4.1.2.1. body-contact sports

1.4.1.2.2. Necessary to save a person's life or other important interest

1.4.1.3. Capacity required

1.4.2. Self-defense, defense of others, defense of property

1.4.2.1. When is defense available?

1.4.2.2. Reasonable mistake

1.4.2.3. Reasonable force

1.4.3. Privilege of arrest

1.4.4. Necessity

1.4.4.1. Private - must pay for any injury he causes

1.4.4.2. Public

2. Nuisance

2.1. Private Nuisance

2.2. Public Nuisance

3. Product Liability

3.1. Intent

3.2. Negligence

3.2.1. Duty of care owed to foreseeable P, including bystander

3.2.2. Manufacturing defect - Defect would not usually occur without the manufacturer's negligence

3.2.3. Design defect - D knew or should've known of the danger

3.3. Strict liability

3.3.1. Any commercial supplier

3.3.1.1. if manufacturer is liable, then the whole chain could be liable

3.3.1.2. No strict liability for non-commercial supplier

3.3.2. Only to product, no services

3.3.3. Defective - as to be " unreasonably dangerous"

3.3.4. Without substantial change

3.4. Warranties

3.4.1. Merchantability

3.4.2. Fitness for a particular purpose

4. Strict liability

4.1. Liability for animal

4.1.1. Reasonably foreseeable damage done by a trespass of your animal

4.1.2. Liable to licensees and invitees for your wild animal

4.1.2.1. No strict liability for domestic animal, unless know of the dangerous propensities

4.2. Abnormally dangerous activity

4.2.1. forseeable risk of serious harm even when reasonable care is exercised

4.2.2. not common usage

5. Harm to economic and dignity

5.1. Defamation

5.1.1. Common law

5.1.1.1. Defamatory language

5.1.1.2. of or concerning the P

5.1.1.3. Publication

5.1.1.3.1. To a third party

5.1.1.4. Damage to P's reputation

5.1.1.4.1. Libel - damage presumed

5.1.1.4.2. Slander - must prove special damage

5.1.2. Constitutional law

5.1.2.1. Falsity

5.1.2.2. D's fault

5.1.2.2.1. Public figure - must prove actual malice

5.1.2.2.2. Private person - must prove negligence + actual injury

5.2. Invasion of right to privacy

6. Negligence

6.1. Prima facie case

6.1.1. Duty, breach, actual and proximate cause, damage

6.1.2. Duty of care

6.1.2.1. owed only to foreseeable P

6.1.2.1.1. Rescuers, prenatal injuries, intended beneficiaries

6.1.2.2. Standard of care

6.1.2.2.1. The reasonable person

6.1.2.2.2. Professional, children, common carrier and innkeepers

6.1.2.2.3. Owners of land

6.1.2.3. Negligent infliction of emotional distress

6.1.2.3.1. Zone of danger; Physical symptoms

6.1.2.3.2. Bystander

6.1.2.3.3. special relationship (doctor&patient)

6.1.2.3.4. others like D's negligence

6.1.2.4. Affirmative duty to act

6.1.2.4.1. once D aid someone, must do so with reasonable care

6.1.2.4.2. Peril

6.1.3. Breach of duty

6.1.3.1. Res Ipsa loquitur

6.1.3.1.1. The accident would not normally occur unless D was negligent

6.1.4. Causation

6.1.4.1. Actual - "But for"

6.1.4.2. Legal