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History Germany-1919-1923 by Mind Map: History Germany-1919-1923
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History Germany-1919-1923

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Effects of WW1

Social

Military

Political

Weimar Republic

Ebert- first president. Meetings @Weimar due to communist fights in Berlin

Sparticists Rebellion-Jan. 1919

Left wing (SPD) & wanted a communist government

Led by Rosa Luxemburg & Karl Liebknecht but other left wing groups didn't support them

Failed-defeated by the Freikorps (right wing)

Treaty of Versailles 1919

Agreed reparations. Final sum 1921- £6.6 billion.

Been told to hand over ships & limit their number of defence

Kapp Putsch- March 1920

Led by Wolfgang Kapp, General Ludendorff and Luddwitz along with the Freikorps

Nationalist (right wing) thought they should have carried on with the war. They wanted to overthrow the republic

Defeated when the public services went on strike. Rebellion showed the weakness of the republic (with no army)

2 ministers were murdered, Erzberger and Rathenau (a Jew) for their part in signing the treaty

Ruhr Crisis 1923

Failed to pay their first payment £50 million towards their reparations in 1921

Munich Beer Hall Putsch- November 1923

Ruhr Crisis-perfect opportunity to overthrow republic