History Germany-1919-1923

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History Germany-1919-1923 by Mind Map: History Germany-1919-1923

1. Effects of WW1

1.1. Social

1.1.1. Blockade by Allies

1.1.1.1. Over a quarter million people died of starvation and influenza

1.1.1.2. Solution: Sign the armistice November 1918

1.1.1.2.1. Reaction of German people

1.2. Military

1.2.1. The Sailors @Kiel mutinied

1.2.2. The arrival of the American soldiers

1.3. Political

1.3.1. Kaiser abdicated to Holand

1.3.1.1. Created a power vacuum

2. Weimar Republic

2.1. Ebert- first president. Meetings @Weimar due to communist fights in Berlin

3. Sparticists Rebellion-Jan. 1919

3.1. Left wing (SPD) & wanted a communist government

3.2. Led by Rosa Luxemburg & Karl Liebknecht but other left wing groups didn't support them

3.3. Failed-defeated by the Freikorps (right wing)

3.3.1. Luxemburg and Liebknecht assassinated

3.3.2. Caused instability to the Weimar republic

4. Treaty of Versailles 1919

4.1. Agreed reparations. Final sum 1921- £6.6 billion.

4.2. Been told to hand over ships & limit their number of defence

4.2.1. Sunk their own ships in Scapa Flow instead of handing them to the allies

5. Kapp Putsch- March 1920

5.1. Led by Wolfgang Kapp, General Ludendorff and Luddwitz along with the Freikorps

5.2. Nationalist (right wing) thought they should have carried on with the war. They wanted to overthrow the republic

5.3. Defeated when the public services went on strike. Rebellion showed the weakness of the republic (with no army)

5.4. 2 ministers were murdered, Erzberger and Rathenau (a Jew) for their part in signing the treaty

6. Ruhr Crisis 1923

6.1. Failed to pay their first payment £50 million towards their reparations in 1921

6.1.1. French and Belgium Troops entered the Ruhr (Germany's richest industrial part) and took their raw materials

6.1.1.1. German gov. ordered workers to go on strike.

6.1.1.2. Printed money which became worthless. Led to hyperinflation

7. Munich Beer Hall Putsch- November 1923

7.1. Ruhr Crisis-perfect opportunity to overthrow republic

7.1.1. Hitler and some SA men interrupted a public meeting led by Von Kahr and declared that he was taking over the local gov.

7.1.1.1. Hitler thought he would succeed as he expected support from Von Kahr and the Bavarian gov.

7.1.1.2. Failed due to lack of support and publicity. 16 Nazis were killed and Hitler wounded and sent to jail

7.1.1.2.1. During his 5 year sentence- he wrote Mein Kamf