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MUMPS by Mind Map: MUMPS

1. CAUSE

1.1. DEFINITION

1.1.1. Any process, substance, or organism that produces an effect or condition.

1.2. Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the mumps virus which belongs to a family of viruses known as paramyxoviruses. These viruses are a common source of infection, particularly in children. Mumps Infection is in the parotid glands which is where saliva is produced. Mumps virus usually causes swollen salivary glands and fever.

2. TRANSMISSION

2.1. DEFINITION

2.1.1. A passage or transfer, as of a disease from one individual to another

2.2. Mumps can be spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes (By airborne respiratory droplets, kisses or shared utensils (saliva) or has direct contact with another person without the infection (contaminated surface).

2.3. The virus is also carried in urine.

2.4. A person can also be infected but not know it, however, they still carry the infection and can still make others infected. This is called a carrier.

2.5. It is extremely contagious but is uncommon in developed countries like Australia because of the MMR vaccine. Anyone that is infected can make other people infected unless the person has been vaccinated or has had mumps in the past.

3. HOST RESPONSE

3.1. DEFINITION

3.1.1. The reaction of a living system to the presence of a material

3.2. The host’s response to the virus is to cause inflammation to the salivary glands behind and below your ears. This makes your glands to swell up and cause pain when eating, tenderness and difficulty with breathing.

3.3. Mumps can develop from hours to days with it lasting 12-25 days (usually 16-18). Many symptoms can occur within the period of the mumps virus present.

3.4. Usually after having the mumps virus, the body immunises itself against this infection so that it’s very rare to catch it again. Immune to future infections.

4. MAJOR SYMPTOMS

4.1. DEFINITION

4.1.1. A physical or mental feature which is regarded as indicating a condition of disease, particularly such a feature that is apparent to the patient.

4.2. COMMON SYMPTOMS

4.2.1. Fever

4.2.2. Headache

4.2.3. Fatigue

4.2.4. Loss of appetite

4.2.5. Swollen parotid gland (the salivary gland located just in front of the ear) on one or both sides of the face

4.2.6. Painful chewing

4.2.7. Painful swallowing

4.2.8. Difficulty breathing

4.3. COMPLICATIONS

4.3.1. Mumps can get severe, spreading to more areas than just the parotid glands

4.3.1.1. Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)

4.3.1.2. The lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis)

4.3.1.3. The testicles (orchitis)

4.3.1.4. The ovaries (oophoritis)

4.3.1.5. Breasts (mastitis

4.3.1.6. Spontaneous abortion

4.3.1.7. Hearing loss

4.3.1.8. Sterility (inability to have children) in males is extremely rare.

5. TREATMENT

5.1. DEFINITION

5.1.1. Medical or surgical management of a patient.

5.2. There is no specific treatment for mumps because it is a viral infection, however, there are ways to lower your chances of getting the virus.

5.2.1. The treatment is usually used to ease symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. Ways that you could ease the symptoms include:

5.2.1.1. Bed rest

5.2.1.2. Plenty of fluids

5.2.1.3. Paracetamol to reduce pain and fever

5.2.1.4. Cold compresses held against the swollen parotid glands

5.2.1.5. Soft and easy to swallow foods, such as soup, porridge or pureed vegetables

5.2.1.6. Isolation, to reduce the risk of spreading the disease.

6. PREVENTION

6.1. DEFINITION

6.1.1. Action so as to avoid, forestall, or circumvent a happening, conclusion, or phenomenon (for example, disease prevention).

6.2. Prevention must be taken into account by both the infected person and the non infected person. To best make sure that you don’t get mumps, it would be wise to get vaccinated.

6.3. For the person with the infection, it would be wise that they stay at home during the initial stages of the infection.

7. CONTROL

7.1. DEFINITION

7.1.1. Ongoing operations or programs aimed at reducing a disease.

7.2. To control the chances of you getting the mumps virus, it is an appropriate decision to get vaccinations to immunise yourself. There have been 2 vaccines created to control and prevent yourself from getting the mumps virus.

7.2.1. In the first vaccine, the mumps component is combined with the measles and rubella (German measles) components and is commonly known as the MMR vaccine.

7.2.2. In the second vaccine, the mumps component is combined with measles, rubella and varicella (chickenpox) components and is commonly known as MMRV vaccine.