Phang Thong Perm Impaction and Gastric ulcer

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Phang Thong Perm Impaction and Gastric ulcer by Mind Map: Phang Thong Perm Impaction and Gastric ulcer

1. Inappetite

2. Dyschezia (constipation)

2.1. NSS

2.2. Neostigmine

2.2.1. Endoscopic

2.2.1.1. Gastric ulcer

2.2.1.1.1. Glaviscon

2.2.1.1.2. Omeprazole

2.2.1.2. Gastric bleeding

2.2.1.2.1. VitK

2.2.1.2.2. Transamine

2.2.1.2.3. Blood transfusion

3. Pain

3.1. Tramadol

3.2. Flunixin meglumine

4. Melena

5. GI impaction

6. GI stasis

7. Abdominal enlargement

8. Risk factors

8.1. Host

8.1.1. Greeting elephant

8.1.1.1. Fed by tourist

8.1.1.1.1. Grass

8.1.1.1.2. Banana

8.1.1.1.3. Sugarcane

8.1.1.2. Less walk (500-700m)

8.1.2. Individual personality

8.1.2.1. Piggish (Sloppy)

8.1.2.2. Eat fast

8.1.3. Management

8.1.3.1. No water provided at night

8.1.3.2. Drink less water

8.1.3.3. Give big portion of grass at a time

8.1.3.4. Soil contact (feed on the ground)

8.2. Agent

8.2.1. Clostridium perfringens

8.3. Envi.

8.3.1. Raining

9. Disgnostic plan

9.1. Blood collection

9.1.1. CBC

9.1.1.1. Anemia

9.1.1.2. Lymphocytosis

9.1.2. Blood chemistry

9.1.3. Blood gas

9.2. Feces examination

9.2.1. Characteristic

9.2.2. Endoparasite

9.2.3. Toxin

9.2.3.1. Clostridium perfringens

9.2.3.1.1. Penicillin G

9.3. Endoscopic examination

10. Anatomy

10.1. Mouth

10.2. Esophagus

10.3. Stomach

10.4. Small intestine

10.5. Cecum

10.6. Colon

10.7. Rectum

11. Prevention

11.1. Control grass quality

11.2. Chopped grass

11.3. Avoid soil contacting to the grass

11.4. Increase water intake

11.4.1. Frequency

11.4.2. High water content fruits

11.4.3. Salt

11.5. More exercise

12. Physiology

12.1. Normal feed intake = 1-4.4%BW

12.2. GI transit time 21-55hr

12.3. Gastric emptying time

13. Prognosis

13.1. Fair