Plate Tectonics

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Plate Tectonics by Mind Map: Plate Tectonics

1. Causes (Physical Geog.)

1.1. Internal structure

1.1.1. core mantle lithosphere

1.2. Plate movement (driven by the movement of internal structure)

1.2.1. mechanisms (work together)

1.2.1.1. convection currents

1.2.1.2. slab-pull force

1.2.1.2.1. OCC

1.2.1.2.2. OOC

1.2.1.3. ridge push

1.2.1.3.1. OOD

1.2.1.3.2. OCC

1.2.2. theories

1.2.2.1. sea floor spreading

1.2.2.2. continental drift

1.2.2.2.1. evidence (Alfred Wigner)

1.2.3. types of plate movement

1.2.3.1. divergent

1.2.3.1.1. moving apart from each other

1.2.3.2. convergent

1.2.3.2.1. moving toward each other

1.2.3.3. transform

1.2.3.3.1. plates slide past each other

2. measures/ response (HO1)

2.1. Response

2.1.1. Preparedness

2.1.1.1. Land use regulation

2.1.1.2. Emergency drills

2.1.1.3. Infrastructure

2.1.1.4. Earthquake monitoring and warning systems

2.1.1.5. Tsunami monitoring and warning systems

2.1.2. Short-term response

2.1.2.1. Search and rescue

2.1.2.2. Emergency, food and medical supplies

2.1.3. Long-term response

2.1.3.1. Rebuilding of infrastructure

2.1.3.2. Provision of healthcare

2.2. 3Ps

2.2.1. Prepare

2.2.2. Protect

2.2.3. Predict

2.3. 2Rs

2.3.1. Recovery

2.3.2. Rescue

3. impacts/effects

3.1. positive or negative

3.2. factors affecting severity of impacts (Handout 1)

3.2.1. Human

3.2.2. Physical

3.3. scale

3.4. PPECS

3.4.1. $$

3.4.2. social - PTSD

3.5. long-term or short-term

3.5.1. secondary

3.5.1.1. tsunami

3.5.1.2. landslides

3.5.1.3. collapse

3.5.1.3.1. social - deaths

3.5.1.4. money incurred

3.5.1.5. others

3.5.2. primary

3.5.2.1. seismic waves

3.5.2.2. Faulting / Deformation of the ground