Egypt EMERALD:

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Egypt EMERALD: by Mind Map: Egypt EMERALD:

1. Daily Structure

1.1. Class system

1.1.1. Bottom Class

1.1.1.1. Largest portion of population

1.1.1.2. Slaves and peasants

1.1.1.2.1. Men

1.1.1.2.2. Women

1.1.2. Middle Class

1.1.2.1. Provided for the needs of the rich and powerful

1.1.2.1.1. Merchants

1.1.2.1.2. Scribes

1.1.2.1.3. Artisans

1.1.2.2. Small portion of population

1.1.3. Upper Class

1.1.3.1. Served the gods and godesses

1.1.3.2. Government officals

1.1.4. Top Class

1.1.4.1. Pharaoh

1.1.4.2. Royal family

1.2. Gender equality for women

1.2.1. Greater freedom and independence compared to other societies

1.2.1.1. Inherit property

1.2.1.2. Enter bussiness deals

1.2.1.3. Go to court

1.2.1.4. Obtain a divorce

1.2.2. High priests and priestesses

1.2.3. Work

1.2.3.1. Manufactured perfume and textiles

1.2.3.2. Farming

1.2.3.3. Estates

1.2.3.4. Doctors

1.2.3.5. Priesthood

1.2.4. Few could read or write

1.2.4.1. Exluded from governement jobs and scribes

2. Religion

2.1. Gods

2.1.1. Re

2.1.1.1. Cheif god

2.1.1.2. Associated with Amon

2.1.1.2.1. Became great lord of gods Amon-Re

2.1.2. Human emotions

2.1.2.1. Isis

2.1.2.1.1. Wife of Osiris

2.1.2.2. Osiris

2.1.2.2.1. Ruled Egypt untill brothher Set killed him

2.1.2.2.2. Became god of dead and judge of the afterlife

2.2. 1380 BC

2.2.1. Young Pharoh name Amenhotep became ruler

2.2.1.1. Prefered minor god, Aton over Amon-Re

2.2.1.2. Took name of Akhenaton

2.2.1.2.1. Means "he who serves Aton"

2.2.1.3. Ordered priests to only woship Aton and remove names of other gods from temples

2.2.1.4. Radilcal aproach had little succsess

2.2.1.4.1. Deserted because neglected duty of defending the empire

2.3. Judaism

2.3.1. Ten Commandments

2.3.1.1. Set of laws gave through by Moses

2.3.1.2. First four stress religion

2.3.1.2.1. Others focuses on conduct to others

2.3.2. Phrophets

2.3.2.1. Reminded Jews of their duties

2.3.2.2. Promoted strong ethics

2.3.2.2.1. Rich and poor should help those less fortunate

2.3.2.2.2. All people equal before God

2.3.3. Leader fully human

2.3.3.1. Bound to obey God

2.3.4. Diaspora

2.3.4.1. Lasted 500 years

2.3.4.2. Left Juda

2.3.4.2.1. Exile

2.3.4.2.2. Farther reachess of empire

2.3.4.2.3. Discontent with ploitical rulers

2.3.4.3. Maintained identity

2.3.4.3.1. Close-knit communities

2.3.4.3.2. Obeyed religious laws and traditions

2.3.4.3.3. Helped persesecution

3. Environment

3.1. Fertile Lands

3.1.1. Farming

3.1.1.1. Villages

3.1.1.1.1. "Black Land"

3.1.1.2. Wheat

3.1.1.3. Flax

3.1.1.3.1. Used to make clothing

3.2. Nile

3.2.1. Depended on

3.2.2. Rises in Highands of Ethiopia and Central Africa.

3.2.3. Anual flood

3.2.3.1. Soaked land

3.2.3.2. Deposited layer of rich silt

3.2.4. Control and store rising water

3.2.4.1. dikes

3.2.4.2. resovoir

3.2.4.3. irrigation

3.2.5. Linked Lower and Upper Egypt

3.2.5.1. Made Egypt one the first unified States

3.3. Desert

3.3.1. Protected from invasion

3.3.2. Limeted area that could be settled

3.3.3. "Red Land"

3.3.4. Two Regions

3.3.4.1. Upper Egypt in south

3.3.4.1.1. Streteched from Niles first Cataract

3.3.4.2. Lower Egypt in north

3.3.4.2.1. Covers delta region where Niles dumps into the Medeternanian

4. Math/Technology

4.1. Medicine

4.1.1. Mumification

4.1.2. Symtoms

4.1.3. Ilness

4.1.4. Cures

4.1.4.1. Surgery

4.1.4.2. Medicine

4.1.4.2.1. Anise

4.1.4.2.2. Castor beans

4.1.4.2.3. Saffron

4.2. Astrology

4.2.1. Studied

4.2.1.1. Heavens

4.2.1.2. Mapping

4.2.1.3. Constelations

4.2.1.4. Moving of planets

4.2.2. Calander

4.2.2.1. 12 months

4.2.2.2. 30 days per month

4.2.2.3. 5 days at the end of the year

4.3. Math

4.3.1. Geometry

4.3.1.1. Engineers

4.3.1.1.1. Pyriamids

4.3.1.1.2. Temples

5. Art/Language

5.1. Developed multipe writing sytems

5.1.1. Hieroglyphics

5.1.1.1. Used

5.1.1.1.1. Symbols

5.1.1.1.2. Pictures

5.1.1.2. Represent

5.1.1.2.1. Objects

5.1.1.2.2. Concepts

5.1.1.2.3. Sounds

5.1.1.3. Recorded information

5.1.1.3.1. Economic

5.1.1.3.2. Adminstrative

5.1.1.3.3. Royal

5.1.1.4. Carved into stone

5.1.2. Hieratic

5.1.2.1. Simpler

5.1.2.1.1. Everday use

5.1.2.2. Simplified hieroglyphics

5.1.3. Demotic

5.2. Papyrus

5.2.1. Grew along Nile

5.2.2. Writen using

5.2.2.1. Reed pens

5.2.2.2. Ink

5.2.3. Easier than chiseling stone

6. Economy

6.1. New Kingdom

6.1.1. Social class became more fluid

6.1.2. Trade

6.1.2.1. Nile river

6.1.2.1.1. Import

6.1.2.1.2. Export

6.1.2.2. Helped obtain materials not in Egypt

6.1.3. Foreign conquests brough wealth

6.1.3.1. More bussiness for artisans

6.1.3.1.1. Created

7. Laws/Government

7.1. Pharaohs

7.1.1. Believed to be a god

7.1.2. Absolute power

7.1.3. Still expected to behave morally

7.1.4. Built necropolisis (cemetery)

7.1.4.1. Majestic Pyraimid

7.1.4.1.1. Today best known are Great Pyraimid in Giza

7.1.4.1.2. Tombs

7.1.4.1.3. Took very long to construct

7.2. Bureaucracy

7.2.1. Different levels of authority

7.2.2. Justice and Order

7.3. Vizier

7.3.1. Departments

7.3.1.1. Irrigation

7.3.1.2. Faming

7.3.1.3. Tax collection

7.3.2. Scribes carried out orders

7.3.3. Ptath-hotep

7.3.3.1. Lived around 2450 BC

7.3.3.2. "Instructions of the Vizier Ptath-hotep"

7.3.3.2.1. Humble and Honesty

7.3.3.2.2. Obedience

7.3.3.2.3. Fairness