Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Egypt EMERALD: by Mind Map: Egypt EMERALD:

1. Daily Structure

1.1. Class system

1.1.1. Bottom Class Largest portion of population Slaves and peasants Men Women

1.1.2. Middle Class Provided for the needs of the rich and powerful Merchants Scribes Artisans Small portion of population

1.1.3. Upper Class Served the gods and godesses Government officals

1.1.4. Top Class Pharaoh Royal family

1.2. Gender equality for women

1.2.1. Greater freedom and independence compared to other societies Inherit property Enter bussiness deals Go to court Obtain a divorce

1.2.2. High priests and priestesses

1.2.3. Work Manufactured perfume and textiles Farming Estates Doctors Priesthood

1.2.4. Few could read or write Exluded from governement jobs and scribes

2. Religion

2.1. Gods

2.1.1. Re Cheif god Associated with Amon Became great lord of gods Amon-Re

2.1.2. Human emotions Isis Wife of Osiris Osiris Ruled Egypt untill brothher Set killed him Became god of dead and judge of the afterlife

2.2. 1380 BC

2.2.1. Young Pharoh name Amenhotep became ruler Prefered minor god, Aton over Amon-Re Took name of Akhenaton Means "he who serves Aton" Ordered priests to only woship Aton and remove names of other gods from temples Radilcal aproach had little succsess Deserted because neglected duty of defending the empire

2.3. Judaism

2.3.1. Ten Commandments Set of laws gave through by Moses First four stress religion Others focuses on conduct to others

2.3.2. Phrophets Reminded Jews of their duties Promoted strong ethics Rich and poor should help those less fortunate All people equal before God

2.3.3. Leader fully human Bound to obey God

2.3.4. Diaspora Lasted 500 years Left Juda Exile Farther reachess of empire Discontent with ploitical rulers Maintained identity Close-knit communities Obeyed religious laws and traditions Helped persesecution

3. Environment

3.1. Fertile Lands

3.1.1. Farming Villages "Black Land" Wheat Flax Used to make clothing

3.2. Nile

3.2.1. Depended on

3.2.2. Rises in Highands of Ethiopia and Central Africa.

3.2.3. Anual flood Soaked land Deposited layer of rich silt

3.2.4. Control and store rising water dikes resovoir irrigation

3.2.5. Linked Lower and Upper Egypt Made Egypt one the first unified States

3.3. Desert

3.3.1. Protected from invasion

3.3.2. Limeted area that could be settled

3.3.3. "Red Land"

3.3.4. Two Regions Upper Egypt in south Streteched from Niles first Cataract Lower Egypt in north Covers delta region where Niles dumps into the Medeternanian

4. Math/Technology

4.1. Medicine

4.1.1. Mumification

4.1.2. Symtoms

4.1.3. Ilness

4.1.4. Cures Surgery Medicine Anise Castor beans Saffron

4.2. Astrology

4.2.1. Studied Heavens Mapping Constelations Moving of planets

4.2.2. Calander 12 months 30 days per month 5 days at the end of the year

4.3. Math

4.3.1. Geometry Engineers Pyriamids Temples

5. Art/Language

5.1. Developed multipe writing sytems

5.1.1. Hieroglyphics Used Symbols Pictures Represent Objects Concepts Sounds Recorded information Economic Adminstrative Royal Carved into stone

5.1.2. Hieratic Simpler Everday use Simplified hieroglyphics

5.1.3. Demotic

5.2. Papyrus

5.2.1. Grew along Nile

5.2.2. Writen using Reed pens Ink

5.2.3. Easier than chiseling stone

6. Economy

6.1. New Kingdom

6.1.1. Social class became more fluid

6.1.2. Trade Nile river Import Export Helped obtain materials not in Egypt

6.1.3. Foreign conquests brough wealth More bussiness for artisans Created

7. Laws/Government

7.1. Pharaohs

7.1.1. Believed to be a god

7.1.2. Absolute power

7.1.3. Still expected to behave morally

7.1.4. Built necropolisis (cemetery) Majestic Pyraimid Today best known are Great Pyraimid in Giza Tombs Took very long to construct

7.2. Bureaucracy

7.2.1. Different levels of authority

7.2.2. Justice and Order

7.3. Vizier

7.3.1. Departments Irrigation Faming Tax collection

7.3.2. Scribes carried out orders

7.3.3. Ptath-hotep Lived around 2450 BC "Instructions of the Vizier Ptath-hotep" Humble and Honesty Obedience Fairness